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Two different West Nile virus (WNV) strains caused lethal encephalitis in a flock of geese and a goshawk in southeastern Hungary in 2003 and 2004, respectively. During the outbreak in geese, 14 confirmed human cases of WNV encephalitis and meningitis were reported in the same area. Sequencing of complete genomes of both WNV strains and phylogenetic analyses(More)
OBJECTIVES Determining the in vitro susceptibility to 11 antibiotics of Francisella tularensis subsp. holarctica strains belonging to the phylogenetic group B.13, from different areas of Hungary. METHODS Twenty-nine F. tularensis strains isolated between 2003 and 2010 from free-ranging European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) and a captive patas monkey(More)
BACKGROUND Mycoplasma bovis is a worldwide pathogen, causative agent of pneumonia, mastitis, arthritis, and a variety of other symptoms in cattle. The economic losses due to mycoplasma pneumonia could be reduced by antibiotic treatment. The aim of the present study was to determine the in vitro susceptibility of M. bovis strains isolated from cattle in(More)
To determine whether avian bornaviruses (ABVs) were a factor in proventricular dilatation disease (PDD), we used immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-PCR, and nucleotide sequence analysis to examine paraffin wax-embedded or frozen tissue samples of 31 psittacine birds with this disease. PDD is a fatal disease of psittacine birds associated with(More)
The recent and rapid change in climate seems to have strong impact on many aspects of agriculture, health, ecology, economy and the society. To model these impacts researchers need access to future and past climate databases, some of which are publicly available. One possible source of climate data sets is the collection of the Tyndall Centre for Climate(More)
described for each of these drugs, but only 1 case of Rhodococcus infection has been reported for a patient receiving methotrexate and none have been described for patients receiving rituximab (10). Because of diffi culties in species identifi cation and delays in growth, non–R. equi infections might be underdiagnosed (9). This fi nding is complicated by(More)
BACKGROUND Mycoplasma bovis is an important pathogen causing pneumonia, mastitis and arthritis in cattle worldwide. As this agent is primarily transmitted by direct contact and spread through animal movements, efficient genotyping systems are essential for the monitoring of the disease and for epidemiological investigations. The aim of this study was to(More)
Mycoplasma synoviae infection in chickens and turkeys can cause respiratory disease, infectious synovitis and eggshell apex abnormality; thus it is an economically important pathogen. Control of M. synoviae infection comprises eradication, medication or vaccination. The differentiation of the temperature sensitive (ts+) MS-H vaccine strain from field(More)
A study of roe deer fibropapillomatosis, a neoplastic disease with rising occurrence, was conducted in Slovakia during 1998–2014. The first documented case of the disease was identified in 1998, at the district of Senica, in the western part of the country bordering with the Czech Republic. The disease spread from the place of initial occurrence towards the(More)
BACKGROUND Coxiella burnetii, the etiologic agent of Q fever, is a highly infectious zoonotic bacterium. Genetic information about the strains of this worldwide distributed agent circulating on the African continent is limited. The aim of the present study was the genetic characterization of C. burnetii DNA samples detected in ticks collected from Ethiopian(More)