Learn More
Syngeneic transplantation of 200 mouse islets under the kidney capsule usually fails to cure streptozocin-induced diabetes. We hypothesized that this number of islets, if engrafted in a normoglycemic environment, could expand their mass and improve their function to restore normoglycemia. Therefore, 200 freshly isolated mouse islets were transplanted under(More)
Basal hepatic glucose production (HGP) was determined in obese and nonobese normal subjects and patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) using [3-3H]glucose and the nonsteady state equations of Steele. When HGP was estimated at hourly intervals from 0800-1300 h, it became evident that calculated values for HGP fell for the first 2-4 h(More)
Decoy receptor 3 (DCR3) halts both Fas ligand- and LIGHT-induced cell deaths, which are required for pancreatic beta cell damage in autoimmune diabetes. To directly investigate the therapeutic potential of DCR3 in preventing this disease, we generated transgenic nonobese diabetic mice, which overexpressed DCR3 in beta cells. Transgenic DCR3 protected mice(More)
Microscopic visualization of islets of Langerhans under normal and diabetic conditions is essential for understanding the pathophysiology of the disease. The intrinsic opacity of pancreata, however, limits optical accessibility for high-resolution light microscopy of islets in situ. Because the standard microtome-based, 2-D tissue analysis confines(More)
Pancreatic beta cell function was measured in 15 nondiabetic controls, 10 insulin-dependent diabetics (IDD) and 19 non-insulin-dependent diabetics (NIDD), aged 18 to 45 years, by means of the peripheral serum C-peptide response to 1 mg of glucagon. The fasting serum C-peptide (FCP) in IDD was lower than in the controls and NIDD (p less than 0.01), but there(More)
Some environmental and genetic factors play important roles in etiopathogenesis of type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). HLA genes, the IDDM1 locus located the human chromosome 6, were found to be associated with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. However, the incidence of IDDM varied greatly among various populations. To evaluate the(More)
UNLABELLED The vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) is highly expressed in pancreatic beta-cells and thus has been proposed to be a potential target for measuring beta-cell mass (BCM) by molecular imaging. C-11- and F-18-labeled tetrabenazine derivatives targeting VMAT2 have shown some promising results as potential biomarkers for BCM. In the(More)
pH-Responsive nanoparticles composed of chitosan (CS) and poly-gamma-glutamic acid (gamma-PGA) blended with tripolyphosphate (TPP) and MgSO(4) (multi-ion-crosslinked NPs) were prepared and characterized to determine their effectiveness in the oral delivery of insulin. Their counterparts without TPP and MgSO(4) (NPs) were used as a control. FT-IR and XRD(More)
We envisage that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) would ameliorate islet anoxia, preventing early graft failure. Thus, treatment of HBO to diabetic recipients should improve the outcome of islet transplantation. We tested this hypothesis by syngeneically transplanting insufficient number of islets (150 islets) into streptozotocin-diabetic C57BL/6 mice, each followed(More)
Insulin autoimmune syndrome is a syndrome consisting of fasting hypoglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and detectable insulin-binding antibodies in patients who have never been exposed to exogenous insulin. Four cases who developed symptoms of hypoglycemic attack with self-limited duration and spontaneous remission were collected in our hospital from 1984 to 1988.(More)