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Syngeneic transplantation of 200 mouse islets under the kidney capsule usually fails to cure streptozocin-induced diabetes. We hypothesized that this number of islets, if engrafted in a normoglycemic environment, could expand their mass and improve their function to restore normoglycemia. Therefore, 200 freshly isolated mouse islets were transplanted under(More)
UNLABELLED The vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) is highly expressed in pancreatic beta-cells and thus has been proposed to be a potential target for measuring beta-cell mass (BCM) by molecular imaging. C-11- and F-18-labeled tetrabenazine derivatives targeting VMAT2 have shown some promising results as potential biomarkers for BCM. In the(More)
We envisage that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) would ameliorate islet anoxia, preventing early graft failure. Thus, treatment of HBO to diabetic recipients should improve the outcome of islet transplantation. We tested this hypothesis by syngeneically transplanting insufficient number of islets (150 islets) into streptozotocin-diabetic C57BL/6 mice, each followed(More)
Pancreatic beta cell function was measured in 15 nondiabetic controls, 10 insulin-dependent diabetics (IDD) and 19 non-insulin-dependent diabetics (NIDD), aged 18 to 45 years, by means of the peripheral serum C-peptide response to 1 mg of glucagon. The fasting serum C-peptide (FCP) in IDD was lower than in the controls and NIDD (p less than 0.01), but there(More)
There is limited clinical information comparing presentations and results of treatment of papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma patients with distant metastases. We retrospectively analyzed data of 1,257 thyroid cancer patients who received their treatment and follow-up at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. We found 992 patients with papillary carcinoma and(More)
Exendin-4 is a potent insulinotropic agent in diabetes patients; however, its therapeutic utility is limited due to the frequent injections required. In this study, an orally available exendin-4 formulation, using an enteric-coated capsule containing pH-responsive NPs, was developed. Following oral administration of (123)I-labeled-exendin-4 loaded NPs in(More)
Islet transplantation offers a physiological approach for precise restoration of glucose homeostasis, thereby reversing the metabolic and neurovascular complications of diabetes. In the past, there were only a few successes with human islet transplantation and the initial results were very disappointing. However, recent reports of great successes in islet(More)
Syngeneic transplantation of rat islets into subcutaneous tissue failed to cure streptozocin diabetes. The reason is unknown, but poor vascularization may play a role. We hypothesize that if a well-vascularized subcutaneous site could be created, islet grafts would do well. Four hundred freshly isolated mouse islets were transplanted syngeneically under the(More)