Jyrki Tenhunen

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BACKGROUND Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) [corrected] is widely used for fluid resuscitation in intensive care units (ICUs), but its safety and efficacy have not been established in patients with severe sepsis. METHODS In this multicenter, parallel-group, blinded trial, we randomly assigned patients with severe sepsis to fluid resuscitation in the ICU with(More)
BACKGROUND There have been conflicting reports on the efficacy of recombinant human activated protein C, or drotrecogin alfa (activated) (DrotAA), for the treatment of patients with septic shock. METHODS In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial, we assigned 1697 patients with infection, systemic inflammation, and shock who(More)
We aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcome of acute kidney injury (AKI) in Finnish ICUs. This prospective, observational, multi-centre study comprised adult emergency admissions and elective patients whose stay exceeded 24 h during a 5-month period in 17 Finnish ICUs. We defined AKI first by the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria(More)
To evaluate the incidence, treatment and mortality of acute respiratory failure (ARF) in Finnish intensive care units (ICUs). Prospective multicentre cohort study. All adult patients in 25 ICUs were screened for use of invasive or non-invasive ventilatory support during an 8-week period. Patients needing ventilatory support for more than 6 h were included(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY We studied induction of therapeutic hypothermia during prehospital resuscitation from cardiac arrest using an infusion of ice-cold Ringer's solution in five adult patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS Paramedics infused +4 degrees C Ringer's solution into the antecubital vein of the patients with a maximum rate of 33 ml/min to a target(More)
Systemic levels of soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) positively correlate with the activation level of the immune system. We reviewed the usefulness of systemic levels of suPAR in the care of critically ill patients with sepsis, SIRS, and bacteremia, focusing on its diagnostic and prognostic value. A PubMed search on suPAR was(More)
We aimed to evaluate post-resuscitation care, implementation of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and outcomes of intensive care unit (ICU)-treated out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in Finland. We included all adult OHCA patients admitted to 21 ICUs in Finland from March 1, 2010 to February 28, 2011 in this prospective observational study. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous infusion of ice-cold fluid is considered a feasible method to induce mild therapeutic hypothermia in cardiac arrest survivors. However, only one randomized controlled trial evaluating this treatment exists. Furthermore, the implementation rate of prehospital cooling is low. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety(More)
The hepatic arterial buffer response (HABR) tends to maintain liver blood flow under conditions of low mesenteric perfusion. We hypothesized that systemic hypoperfusion impairs the HABR. In 12 pigs, aortic blood flow was reduced by cardiac tamponade to 50 ml. kg(-1). min(-1) for 1 h (short-term tamponade) and further to 30 ml. kg(-1). min(-1) for another(More)
UNLABELLED We compared the effects of vasopressin and norepinephrine on systemic and splanchnic circulation and metabolism in endotoxin shock in pigs. Twenty-one pigs were randomized to endotoxin shock (Escherichia coli endotoxin infusion) (n = 6), endotoxin and vasopressin (VASO; n = 6), endotoxin and norepinephrine (NE; n = 6), and controls (n = 3).(More)