Jyrki Lappalainen

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Most metacommunity studies have taken a direct mechanistic approach, aiming to model the effects of local and regional processes on local communities within a metacommunity. An alternative approach is to focus on emergent patterns at the metacommunity level through applying the elements of metacommunity structure (EMS; Oikos, 97, 2002, 237) analysis. The(More)
The latitudinal gradient in diversity is widely acknowledged, but the mechanisms contributing to this pattern are still poorly known. Given that the species have environmental optima, a central issue is how species’ niche parameters, i.e. niche breadth and niche position, vary along the latitudinal gradient. In this study, we examined the determinants of(More)
The role of rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus) herbivory was studied in Kirkkojärvi, a shallow and turbid basin in Lake Hiidenvesi, Finland. The submerged species dominating in the rudd diets were Potamogeton obtusifolius, Ranunculus circinatus, Sparganium emersum, bryophytes, and filamentous algae. Plant consumption estimated with bioenergetics modelling(More)
Increased turbidity reduces visibility in the water column, which can negatively affect vision-oriented fish and their ability to detect prey. Young fish could consequently benefit from high turbidity levels that can provide a protective cover, reducing predation pressure. Perch (Perca fluviatilis) are commonly found in littoral zones of temperate lakes and(More)
Three-dimensional carbon nanotube scaffolds created using micromachined Si/SiO2 templates are used as nanoparticulate filters and support membranes for gas-phase heterogeneous catalysis. The filtering efficiency of better than 99% is shown for the scaffolds in filtering submicrometer particles from air. In the hydrogenation of propene to propane reaction(More)
Optical ridge type waveguides based on UV-curable polymer were fabricated by imprinting method. Positive tone resist patterned on a silicon wafer was used as a mould. The characterization of waveguides was carried out by coupling TE-polarized light from a tapered fiber into a waveguide with 30 mm length and mapping the intensity distribution with another(More)
Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is considered a highly promising technology for different analytical purposes. The applications of SERS are still quite limited due its relatively poor quantitative repeatability and the fact that SERS is very sensitive to oxidation, which is a challenge especially with silver based SERS substrates. Here, the link(More)
Metacommunity patterns and underlying processes in aquatic organisms have typically been studied within a drainage basin. We examined variation in the composition of six freshwater organismal groups across various drainage basins in Finland. We first modelled spatial structures within each drainage basin using Moran eigenvector maps. Second, we partitioned(More)
Pulsed laser deposition (PLD) was used to prepare WO3, ZnO-modified SnO2, and V2O5 nanostructures as gas sensing materials on top of commercial SGX Sensortech MEMS microheater platforms. The layers were formed of different types of nanostructures including nanoparticles, agglomerates, and nanotrees with fractal-like growth. Clear dependency between the(More)
Recruitment of perch (Perca fluviatilis) and pikeperch (Sander lucioperca) was studied in two bays and an estuary in the Baltic Sea during 1982 and 1993. For both species, year-class strength began to correlate positively with water temperature one month after the assumed hatching. Recruitment was estimated as relative year-class strength at the adult(More)