Learn More
CATCH syndrome, caused by a microdelection in chromosome 22, is characterized by cleft palate and cardiac anomalies. The majority of these children also have learning difficulties or speech and language deficits. These problems are often due to the dysmorphology of the articulatory system. In the present study, the duration of auditory sensory memory, which(More)
OBJECTIVE Up to 46% of individuals with oral clefts suffer from language-learning disabilities. The degree of these disabilities varies according to cleft type. The pathogenesis of cognitive malfunctioning or its relationship with cleft type is not known. We investigated persistence of auditory short-term memory (STM) that is implicitly involved in(More)
Our recent study demonstrated with the brain's automatic change-detection response, the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the event-related potentials (ERPs), that the duration of auditory sensory memory is significantly shorter in school-age children with CATCH syndrome than in healthy age-matched controls. One of the characteristic symptoms of this syndrome,(More)
It is suspected that the developmental delay in school-aged children diagnosed as infants suffering from plagiocephaly is caused by the modification of the skull form. To detect possible cognitive impairment in these children, we examined auditory ERPs to tones in infant patients. The infants with plagiocephaly exhibited smaller amplitudes of the P150 and(More)
In Finland, 3 patients have been diagnosed with Nager syndrome (NS) during the last 17 years. Thus the incidence for NS in Finland is 3:1,000,000. The craniofacial structures and dental development of these patients were studied clinically and radiographically at the age of 3-4 years, and compared to age-matched controls and to the norms of the Finnish(More)
Various unexpected events during mandibular distraction osteogenesis are described in 16 syndromic children with severely retrognathic or asymmetric lower jaws who were treated with unilateral or bilateral extraoral distraction. The mean total time with the distraction devices attached was 14 weeks (range 10-19). Although improvement in facial aesthetics(More)
Language and learning disabilities occur in almost half of individuals with oral clefts. The characteristics of these cognitive dysfunctions vary according to the cleft type, and the mechanisms underlying the relation between cleft type, cognitive dysfunction, and cleft-caused middle-ear disease are unknown. This study investigates preattentive auditory(More)
The newest laser modality, the contact Neodymium: YAG laser, was compared with the standard steel scalpel in excisions of full-thickness burns. Six patients with deep burns of variable sizes were included in this pilot study. The area to be operated on in each patient was divided into two areas resembling each other as much as possible in size, tissue type,(More)
OBJECTIVES Our recent studies have demonstrated that the brain's automatic change-detection response, the mismatch negativity (MMN) of the event-related brain potential (ERP), is significantly attenuated in school-age children with CATCH syndrome and in children of the same age with cleft palate but without the CATCH syndrome. Among other problems, various(More)