Jyotish Chandra Samantaray

Learn More
Objective. The increased use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) has reduced the morbidity and mortality associated with HIV, adversely leading to the emergence of HIV drug resistance (HIVDR). In this study we aim to evaluate the prevalence of HIVDR mutations in ART-naive HIV-1 infected patients from northern India. Design. Analysis was performed using Viroseq(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis is a parasitic infection caused by Lesihmania donovani complex and transmitted by the bite of the phlebotomine sand fly. It is an endemic disease in many developing countries with more than 90% of the cases occurring in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sudan, Ethiopia and Brazil. The disease is fatal if untreated. The disease is(More)
India contributes heavily to the global burden of visceral leishmaniasis (VL, kala-azar) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/AIDS. The prevalence of HIV seropositivity in VL patients at a tertiary care centre in northern India, as observed during a prospective study over a period of 2 years, is presented. Of the 104 cases of VL/post-kala-azar dermal(More)
We prospectively examined 143 clinical samples from 115 patients including both HIV infected (n=53) and HIV uninfected immunocompromized (n=62) patients, with lung infiltrates and with clinical features suggestive of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia/ PneumoCystis Pneumonia (PcP), using both microscopic techniques as well as PCR assay. Clinical samples in the(More)
Acanthamoeba was implicated as the causative agent of chronic meningitis in three apparently immunocompetent children. Diagnosis was established by cerebrospinal fluid wet mount examination and culture. Two children improved rapidly with combination oral therapy composed of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, rifampin and ketoconazole.
INTRODUCTION Pneumocystis jirovecii dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) gene mutations' (55th and 57th codon) association with prior sulfa prophylaxis failure has been reported from both developed and developing countries. We conducted a prospective study to determine the prevalence of P. jirovecii DHPS mutations from 2006 to 2009 on P. jirovecii isolates(More)
Two hundred Staphylococcus aureus strains collected from an Indian hospital were tested for mupirocin susceptibility using disc diffusion method and E-test. High-level and low-level mupirocin resistance was detected in 10 (5%) and 2 (1%) S. aureus strains, respectively. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis analysis of the high-level mupirocin-resistant(More)
A total of 327 clinical specimens, including both invasive and noninvasive samples, obtained from 275 patients with various types of underlying immunocompromised conditions and a clinical suspicion of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) were subjected to 2 different nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. The target genes used for nested PCR were(More)
Multi drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MDR TB) has been well studied in outbreaks in settings of low endemicity in developed countries. However, the characteristics of MDR TB in the community with high endemicity such as India have not been well investigated. Mutations in the 81-bp rifampicin resistance-determining region of the rpoB gene were(More)
We analysed risk factors for nosocomial meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) in three Indian hospitals. We also determined antimicrobial resistance patterns and genotypic characteristics of MRSA isolates using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and staphylococcal(More)