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Real-time 3D US has potential for image guidance in minimally invasive liver interventions. However, motion caused by patient breathing makes it hard to visualize a localized area, and to maintain alignment with pre-operative information. In this work we develop a fast affine registration framework to compensate in real-time for liver motion/displacement(More)
We propose an approach to restore severely degraded document images using a probabilistic context model. Unlike traditional approaches that use previously learned prior models to restore an image, we are able to learn the text model from the degraded document itself, making the approach independent of script, font, style, etc. We model the contextual(More)
Voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC) is reported to be the receptor for plasminogen kringle5. In this paper, the interaction of VDAC from rat brain mitochondria with plasminogen protein has been investigated through bilayer electrophysiological studies. We report for the first time that interaction of plasminogen with VDAC leads to partial closure of the(More)
Voltage-dependent anion channel (VDAC), Bax, and tBid play a central role in apoptosis regulation but their functioning is still very controversial. VDAC forms voltage gated pore in planar lipid bilayers, and acts as the pathway for the movement of substances in and out of the mitochondria by passive diffusion. Here we report that there is increase in the(More)
– Noise profile of Voltage Dependent Anion Channel (VDAC) is investigated in open channel state. Single-channel currents through VDAC from mitochondria of rat brain reconstituted into a planar lipid bilayer are recorded under different voltage clamped conditions across the membrane. Power spectrum analysis of current indicates power law noise of 1/f nature.(More)
We have purified a fimbrial shaft protein (MrxA) of Xenorhabdus nematophila. The soluble monomeric protein lysed larval hemocytes of Helicoverpa armigera. Osmotic protection of the cells with polyethylene glycol suggested that the 17-kDa MrxA subunit makes pores in the target cell membrane. The internal diameter of the pores was estimated to be >2.9 nm.(More)
Array-based profiling studies have shown implication of aberrant gene expression patterns in epileptogenesis. We have performed transcriptome analysis of hippocampal tissues resected from patients with MTLE-HS using RNAseq approach. Healthy tissues from tumour margins obtained during tumour surgeries were used as non-epileptic controls. RNA sequencing was(More)
This paper presents an edge-directed super-resolution algorithm for document images without using any training set. This technique creates an image with smooth regions in both the foreground and the background, while allowing sharp discontinuities across and smoothness along the edges. Our method preserves sharp corners in text images by using the local(More)
Apoptosis is a controlled form of cell death that participates in development, elimination of damaged cells and maintenance of cell homeostasis. Also, it plays a role in neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease. Recently, mitochondria have emerged as being pivotal in controlling apoptosis. They house a number of apoptogenic molecules, such as(More)
Impaired α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) function and GABAergic transmission in the hippocampus and elevated brain levels of kynurenic acid (KYNA), an astrocyte-derived metabolite of the kynurenine pathway, are key features of schizophrenia. KYNA acts as a noncompetitive antagonist with respect to agonists at both α7 nAChRs and(More)