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Noradrenaline has been shown to control dopamine turnover and release in rat brain. Noradrenergic lesion with N-(2-chloroethyl)-N-ethyl-2-bromobenzylamine (DSP-4) decreases dopamine release in the striatum and enhances catalepsy in experimental models of Parkinson’s disease. However, in due course, sprouting of remaining noradrenergic axons, to compensate(More)
The effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril (EPL) (2 and 4 mg/kg), angiotensin (AT) II receptor antagonist losartan (LRN) (5 and 10 mg/kg), and anxiolytic drug diazepam (DZP) (0.5 mg/kg) on anxiety parameters were evaluated in experimentally induced renal hypertensive rats (RHR). Renal hypertension was induced in Wistar strain male(More)
External auditory canal exostoses may be a preventable disease, so it is surprising that the regular use of water precautions is not greater among surfers. One reason for this is the impairment of hearing whilst wearing earplugs. The objective of this study is to establish the hearing impairment of commonly available earplugs used by surfers. Staff and(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate the learning and memory, in an altered physiological state associated with increased blood pressure and activated renin angiotensin system in Wistar rats. The role of angiotensin in cognitive function was assessed by treatment with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor enalapril (2 mg/kg), angiotensin 1(More)
The α2-adrenoceptor antagonists potentiate both ipsilateral and contralateral rotations induced by amphetamine and apomorphine respectively in hemiparkinsonian rats. The present study investigated the role of serotonergic transmission in this potentiation in unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine nigral lesioned rats. D-amphetamine (0.5 mg/kg, i.p.) produced(More)
Vigabatrin was designed to increase the levels of the inhibitory neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. It does this by replacing GABA as a substrate for the action of the catabolic enzyme GABA-transaminase. As a result of this inhibition, neuronal GABA levels are elevated, resulting in enhanced endogenous GABA transmission. A number(More)
1. In this study the effect of FPL 12495AA, the desglycinyl metabolite of remacemide hydrochloride and dizocilpine (MK-801), on potassium- and veratridine-stimulated release of neurotransmitter amino acids from mouse cortical slices was investigated. 2. Veratridine (20 microM) and potassium (60 mM) produced a preferential release of glutamate and aspartate.(More)
Felbamate is a novel anticonvulsant which may modulate the strychnine-insensitive glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex. This study examined the effect of felbamate and 5,7-dichlorokynurenic acid on veratridine (20 microM)- and K+ (60 mM)-stimulated release of amino acids in mouse cortical slices. Felbamate significantly decreased(More)
1. Losigamone is a novel anticonvulsant the mechanism of action of which is not known. This study investigated the effect of losigamone on spontaneous, NMDA- and AMPA-induced depolarizations in the cortical wedge preparation of the DBA/2 mouse (which are susceptible to sound-induced seizures) and on endogenous amino acid release from BALB/c mouse cortical(More)