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The availability of human genome sequence has transformed biomedical research over the past decade. However, an equivalent map for the human proteome with direct measurements of proteins and peptides does not exist yet. Here we present a draft map of the human proteome using high-resolution Fourier-transform mass spectrometry. In-depth proteomic profiling(More)
Human studies of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) have shown age-related changes in serum levels of these two sex hormone precursors. The levels of both DHEA and DHEA-S are characterized by monotonic decreases after puberty in females and after 20-24 yr of age in males. Further studies have shown that DHEA and DHEA-S(More)
There has been significant progress in personalized drug development. In large part, this has taken place in the oncology field and been due to the ability of researchers/clinicians to discover and develop novel drug development tools (DDTs), such as biomarkers. In cancer treatment research, biomarkers have permitted a more accurate pathophysiological(More)
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) and is associated with poor outcome. We conducted the present study to determine the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of AKI in the PICU. MATERIALS AND METHODS We collected data retrospectively from case records of children admitted to the PICU(More)
Survival of neuronal progenitors (NPCs) is a critical determinant of the regenerative capacity of brain following cellular loss. Herein, we report for the first time, the increased spontaneous apoptosis of the first acute phase of Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis (EAE) derived neurospheres in vitro. Neuronal as well as oligodendroglial loss occurs(More)
Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) is a member of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily that plays a key role in the regulation of differentiation, activation and survival of osteoclasts and also in tumor cell migration and bone metastasis. Osteoclast activation induced by RANKL regulates hematopoietic stem cell mobilization as(More)
We previously developed NetPath as a resource for comprehensive manually curated signal transduction pathways. The pathways in NetPath contain a large number of molecules and reactions which can sometimes be difficult to visualize or interpret given their complexity. To overcome this potential limitation, we have developed a set of more stringent curation(More)
Transient protein-protein interactions play crucial roles in all facets of cellular physiology. Here, using an analysis on known 3-D structures of transient protein-protein complexes, their corresponding uncomplexed forms and energy calculations we seek to understand the roles of protein-protein interfacial residues in the unbound forms. We show that there(More)
The turkey interferon (TkIFN) gene encodes a signal peptide and a mature protein of 30 and 162 amino acids, respectively. TkIFN mRNA expression was induced by reoviral double-stranded RNA in fibroblasts. The recombinant TkIFN protein possessed species-specific antiviral activity and in synergy with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induced bone marrow macrophages to(More)