Jyothi Padiadpu

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UNLABELLED Oxidative/nitrosative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction have been implicated in the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra during Parkinson's disease (PD). During early stages of PD, there is a significant depletion of the thiol antioxidant glutathione (GSH), which may lead to oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction,(More)
We report the whole genome sequences of a Mycobacterium smegmatis laboratory wild-type strain (MC(2) 155) and mutants (4XR1, 4XR2) resistant to isoniazid. Compared to Mycobacterium smegmatis MC(2) 155 (NC_008596), a widely used strain in laboratory experiments, the MC(2) 155, 4XR1, and 4XR2 strains are 60, 128 and 93 bp longer, respectively.
Local metabolic demand and supply regulate network components and control their activity globally. The use of metabolite structural information to calculate the shortest path generates valid biochemical connectivity [1]. We introduce a new concept of "load points" for identifying and empirically ranking the important points (metabolites/enzymes) in the(More)
Emergence of drug resistance is a major problem in the treatment of many diseases including tuberculosis. To tackle the problem from a wholistic perspective, it is essential to understand the molecular mechanisms by which bacteria acquire drug resistance using a systems approach. Availability of genome-scale data of expression profiles under different drug(More)
INTRODUCTION Advances in genomics technologies are providing a very large amount of data on genome-wide gene expression profiles, protein molecules and their interactions with other macromolecules and metabolites. Molecular interaction networks provide a useful way to capture this complex data and comprehend it. Networks are beginning to be used in drug(More)
The global mechanisms and associated molecular alterations that occur in drug-resistant mycobacteria are poorly understood. To address this, we obtain genomics data and then construct a genome-scale response network in isoniazid-resistant Mycobacterium smegmatis and apply a network-mining algorithm. Through this, we decipher global alterations in an(More)
Resistance to therapy limits the effectiveness of drug treatment in many diseases. Drug resistance can be considered as a successful outcome of the bacterial struggle to survive in the hostile environment of a drug-exposed cell. An important mechanism by which bacteria acquire drug resistance is through mutations in the drug target. Drug resistant strains(More)
Many studies on M. tuberculosis have emerged from using M. smegmatis MC 2 155 (Msm), since they share significant similarities and yet Msm is non-pathogenic and faster growing. Although several individual molecules have been studied from Msm, many questions remain open about its metabolism as a whole and its capability to be versatile. Adaptability and(More)
The global variations in the gene expression pattern of drug treated (½X) and laboratory evolved drug-resistant strains (2XR and 4XR) of Mycobacterium smegmatis were obtained and compared with the M. smegmatis mc(2) 155 (WT) strain. The genes exhibiting two-fold change and p-value <0.05 under the treated conditions have been considered as differentially(More)
The biosynthesis of NAD constitutes an important metabolic module in the cell, since NAD is an essential cofactor involved in several metabolic reactions. NAD concentrations are known to be significantly increased in several cancers, particularly in glioma, consistent with the observation of up-regulation of several enzymes of the network. Modulating NAD(More)
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