Jyothi Nayar

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BACKGROUND Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by recurrent episodes of rash, arthralgia, and fever after cold exposure. The genetic basis of this disease has been elucidated. Cryopyrin, the protein that is altered in FCAS, is one of the adaptor proteins that activate caspase 1, resulting in release(More)
To determine the role of IL-5 in airway remodeling, IL-5-deficient and WT mice were sensitized to OVA and challenged by repetitive administration of OVA for 3 months. IL-5-deficient mice had significantly less peribronchial fibrosis (total lung collagen content, peribronchial collagens III and V) and significantly less peribronchial smooth muscle (thickness(More)
Few peribronchial mast cells are noted either in the lungs of naive mice or in the lungs of OVA-sensitized mice challenged acutely with OVA by inhalation. In this study, we demonstrate that OVA-sensitized mice exposed to repetitive OVA inhalation for 1-6 mo have a significant accumulation of peribronchial mast cells. This accumulation of peribronchial mast(More)
We have investigated the importance of cell-surface serine- and/or threonine-linked oligosaccharide adhesion molecules synthesized by the Golgi enzyme core 2 beta-1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (C2GlcNAcT) in mediating eosinophil trafficking to the lung in studies utilizing C2GlcNAcT-I-deficient mice. The number of bronchoalveolar eosinophils, the(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils that have bound to extracellular matrix proteins, such as the connecting segment 1 (CS-1) region of fibronectin, need to deadhere before undergoing chemotaxis through the extracellular matrix. OBJECTIVE We have investigated whether eotaxin can regulate the strength of eosinophil adhesion to the CS-1 region of fibronectin. METHODS(More)
Immunostimulatory sequences of DNA (ISS) inhibit eosinophilic airway inflammation, Th2 responses, and airway hyperreactivity (AHR) in mouse models of acute ovalbumin (OVA)-induced airway inflammation. To determine whether ISS inhibits airway remodeling, we developed a mouse model of airway remodeling in which OVA-sensitized mice were repeatedly exposed to(More)
Platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM or CD31) is a cell adhesion molecule expressed on circulating leukocytes and endothelial cells that plays an important role in mediating neutrophil and monocyte transendothelial migration in vivo. In this study, we investigated whether eosinophils, like neutrophils and monocytes, utilize PECAM for tissue(More)
To determine the relative in vivo importance of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) release after allergen challenge to the subsequent endothelial adhesion and recruitment of eosinophils, we have compared eosinophil recruitment in TNF receptor p55/p75--deficient, TNF receptor p55--deficient, and control wild-type mice challenged with allergen. Bronchoalveolar(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an important cause of childhood respiratory disease as well as exacerbations of asthma. Although previous studies have demonstrated that a DNA vaccine encoding the RSV G protein can inhibit RSV replication in mouse models of RSV infection, studies have not been performed to determine whether a DNA vaccine encoding the(More)
In this study we have compared the therapeutic effect of the administration of immunostimulatory DNA sequences (ISS) with that of corticosteroids on the resolution of airway inflammation and airway hyperreactivity (AHR) in a mouse model. Mice which had already developed significant levels of eosinophilic airway inflammation 24 h after allergen challenge(More)