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PPAR (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor) is a nuclear receptor. Activation of PPARgamma by its ligands could modulate gene transcription, thereby leading to multiple anti-atherogenic and fibrinolytic effects. However, the association between the 161T allele in exon 6 of the PPARgamma gene and premature AMI (acute myocardial infarction) is not(More)
Postprandial lipaemia is known to cause endothelial dysfunction, but its underlying mechanism is still under debate. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of postprandial lipaemia on endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. We measured plasma glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), an antioxidant enzyme, and the urinary excretion of(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence suggests that intramyocardial biomaterial injection improves cardiac functions after myocardial infarction (MI) in rodents. Cell therapy is another promising approach to treat MI, although poor retention of transplanted cells is a major challenge. In this study, we hypothesized that intramyocardial injection of self-assembling(More)
OBJECTIVES Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2J2 is expressed in vascular endothelium and metabolizes arachidonic acid to biologically active epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), which are potent endogenous vasodilators and inhibitors of vascular inflammation. We aimed to elucidate the relationship between the functional CYP2J2*7 polymorphism and smoking for the onset of(More)
Hypertension is one of the most important risk factors for atherosclerosis-related mortality and morbidity. In this document, the Hypertension Committee of the Taiwan Society of Cardiology provides new guidelines for hypertension management. The key messages are as follows. (1) The life-time risk for hypertension is 90%. (2) Both the increase in the(More)
BACKGROUND Postprandial hypertriglyceridemia is known to cause endothelial dysfunction and increased oxidative stress. Oral supplements of l-arginine have been found to improve endothelial function. However, the effects of supplements of l-arginine on the influences of postprandial hypertriglyceridemia were not studied before. METHODS Forty young healthy(More)
BACKGROUND During follow-up of between 1 and 3 years in the Randomized Evaluation of Long-term Anticoagulation Therapy (RE-LY) trial, 2 doses of dabigatran etexilate were shown to be effective and safe for the prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation. There is a need for longer-term follow-up of patients on dabigatran(More)
OBJECTIVE The plasma adiponectin level, a potential upstream and internal facet of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, has a reasonably high heritability. Whether other novel genes influence the variation in adiponectin level and the roles of these genetic variants on subsequent clinical outcomes has not been thoroughly investigated. Therefore, we aimed(More)
PPAR (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor) is a nuclear receptor. Activation of PPARγ by its ligands could modulate gene transcription, thereby leading to multiple anti-atherogenic and fibrinolytic effects. However, the association between the 161T allele in exon 6 of the PPARγ gene and premature AMI (acute myocardial infarction) is not clear. We(More)
Analysis of short-term heart rate variability (HRV) may provide useful information about autonomic nervous control of heart rate recovery. We studied 495 individuals (273 men), age range 19–85 years, submitted to treadmill exercise tests and short-term HRV evaluations over time (standard deviation of the normal-to-normal interval [SDNN], the square root of(More)