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A multimode/multiband envelope tracking (ET) transmitter consisting of a hybrid switching amplifier (HSA) and a broadband saturated power amplifier (PA) is developed for operation across 1.3 to 2.7 GHz. For the various standard signals with different bandwidth (BW) and peak-to-average power ratio, the HSA efficiently provides supply signals to the PA by(More)
Exposure of cells to gamma-rays induces the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that play a main role in ionizing radiation damage. We have investigated the radioprotective effect of phloroglucinol (1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene), phlorotannin compound isolated from Ecklonia cava, against gamma-ray radiation-induced oxidative damage in vitro and in vivo.(More)
Ribonuclease III (RNase III) activity modulates hundreds of genes in Escherichia coli (E. coli). YmdB, a member of the macrodomain protein family, is one of known trans-acting regulators of RNase III activity; however, the significance of its regulatory role in specific bacterial cellular processes and related genes has not been determined. YmdB(More)
In the envelope tracking (ET) transmitters, the supply voltage is modulated according to the power levels for high efficiency. Such an operation generates quite different nonlinear characteristic in comparison with the conventional standalone power amplifiers (PAs). The effects of even-order nonlinear terms on ET transmitters are explored for the behavior(More)
This paper presents an envelope shaping function of the hybrid switching amplifier (HSA) to achieve high efficiency. In the envelope tracking (ET) transmitter, the switch current of HSA can not follow the wideband load current due to limitation of the switching frequency. Thus, the switch operates as a quasi-constant current source and the sourcing and the(More)
Elmo is an evolutionarily conserved mammalian ortholog of Caenorhabditis elegans CED-12 with proposed roles during the removal of apoptotic cells, cell migration, neurite outgrowth, and myoblast fusion (Katoh and Negishi (2003) [1], Park and Tosello (2007) [2], Grimsley et al. (2004) [3], Hamoud et al. (2014) [4]). Elmo mediates these cellular processes by(More)
Editor's Note: This article proposes several models of community, including a model of "mobile community"---an extension of physical community merged with online community. The authors also provide examples of how these models have contributed to the development of community applications in their work at Samsung.<i>---Hugh Dubberly</i>
We conducted a heterogeneous risk assessment of breast cancer based on the hormone receptor (HR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) calculating the risks and population-based attributable fractions (PAFs) for modifiable and nonmodifiable factors.Using matched case-control study design from the Seoul Breast Cancer Study and the national(More)