Jutta Schröder-Braunstein

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BACKGROUND & AIMS T-cell receptor reactivity of intestinal lamina propria T cells (LP-T) critically depends on the capacity of local accessory cells to secrete cysteine. For T cells, cysteine is the limiting precursor for glutathione synthesis, a prerequisite for antigen-dependent proliferation. We aimed to determine the role of the redoxactive(More)
The virulence antigen (LcrV) of pathogenic yersiniae "silences" macrophages against stimulation with the TLR2-agonist zymosan A in a CD14/TLR2-dependent fashion via IL-10 induction. This pathogenically important "silencing" resembles TLR tolerance phenomena; in these, pre-exposure to a primary tolerizing TLR-agonist renders macrophages unresponsive to(More)
Resident human lamina propria immune cells serve as powerful effectors in host defense. Molecular events associated with the initiation of an intestinal inflammatory response in these cells are largely unknown. Here, we aimed to characterize phenotypic and functional changes induced in these cells at the onset of intestinal inflammation using a human(More)
Intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) are constantly exposed to commensal flora and pathogen challenges. How IECs regulate their innate immune response to maintain gut homeostasis remains unclear. Interferons (IFNs) are cytokines produced during infections. While type I IFN receptors are ubiquitously expressed, type III IFN receptors are expressed only on(More)
OBJECTIVES Pressure ulcers impose a major lifetime medical problem to patients with high-grade spinal cord injury (SCI). For patients with stages 3-4 pressure ulcers, plastic surgery is often the only remaining treatment option. Despite considerable flap failure rates of around 30%, only sparse knowledge exists on predictors for flap failure. Hence,(More)
Deregulated activation of mucosal lamina propria T cells plays a central role in the pathogenesis of intestinal inflammation. One of the means to attenuate T cell activation is by blocking the CD28/CD80 co-stimulatory pathway. Here we investigate RhuDex®, a small molecule that binds to human CD80, for its effects on the activation of lamina propria T cells(More)
Targeting early molecular events in intestinal inflammation may represent a useful therapeutic strategy for maintaining remission in inflammatory bowel disease. Recently, we established an intestinal organ culture model (LEL model), which allows to study the initiation of an intestinal inflammatory response in human tissue. In this model, EDTA-mediated(More)
Human lamina propria T lymphocytes (LPT) possess functional properties profoundly different from those of peripheral blood T lymphocytes (PBT). While they are characterized by a low proliferative response to T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3 stimulation in vitro their responsiveness to activation through the 'co-stimulatory' CD2-receptor is enhanced when compared(More)
INTRODUCTION Hyporesponsiveness of human lamina propria immune cells to microbial and nutritional antigens represents one important feature of intestinal homeostasis. It is at least partially mediated by low expression of the innate response receptors CD11b, CD14, CD16 as well as the cystine-glutamate transporter xCT on these cells. Milieu-specific(More)
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