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Densities and distribution of D1-dopamine and D2-dopamine receptors were investigated in vitro using [3H]SCH 23390 and [3H]raclopride in receptor binding assays and autoradiography on human post mortem whole hemisphere slices to serve as anatomical correlates to PET studies using [11C]SCH 23390 and [11C]raclopride. In addition, the levels of dopamine and(More)
The distribution of neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptor-like immunoreactivity (Y1R-LI) has been studied in detail in the CNS of rat using a rabbit polyclonal antibody against the C-terminal 13 amino acids of the rat receptor protein. The indirect immunofluorescence technique with tyramide signal amplification has been employed. For specificity and comparative(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to study and compare the in vitro binding properties of the two radioligands N-[3H]methylspiperone ([3H]NMSP) and [3H]raclopride. These compounds, labeled with 11C, have been extensively used in positron emission tomography studies on central dopamine D2 receptors in schizophrenic patients, although with diverging(More)
Expression of mRNAs for neuropeptide Y (NPY) and its receptor subtypes Y1 (Y1-R), Y2 (Y2-R) and Y5 (Y5-R) was studied in adult rat brain using in situ hybridization after 40 rapidly recurring seizures induced with 5-min interval by hippocampal kindling stimulations. At 2-4 h post-seizure, NPY mRNA levels were markedly elevated in dentate granule cells, CA1(More)
In this study we have isolated and sequenced human cDNAs for the phosphoproteins DARPP-32, ARPP-21, and ARPP-16/19, and have compared these sequences to previously characterized bovine and rat cDNAs. In situ hybridization and Northern blot analysis with the human cDNA probes were used to study the expression of mRNAs encoding ARPP-16/19, ARPP-21, and(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) neurons abundantly innervate the hypothalamus, where NPY is involved in the regulation and integration of a broad range of homeostatic functions. In order to understand NPY-mediated behavioral, autonomic and neuroendocrine effects, it is important to characterize in detail the distribution of the hypothalamic NPY receptors. In this(More)
Using in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry, the expression of type 1 neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptors (Y1-Rs) has been demonstrated in the rat genital tract. In the male Y1-R mRNA and Y1-R-like immunoreactivity (LI) were found in smooth muscles of predominantly arterioles and small arteries inside testis. Fibers showing NPY-LI could not be detected(More)
Immunohistochemical staining with an antiserum against the neuropeptide Y (NPY)-Y1 receptor (Y1-R) protein was shown in rat small dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, which also were Y1-R mRNA-positive and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-positive. The Y1-R-like immunoreactivity was almost exclusively located in the somatic plasmalemma and in the(More)
The distribution of messenger RNA encoding neuropeptide Y (NPY) was studied in 11 different postmortem human brain regions using in situ hybridization histochemistry, and RNA blot analysis. In situ hybridization data revealed that the highest numerical density of labeled cells corresponded to neurons in accumbens area, caudate nucleus, putamen, and(More)
Expression of preprocholecystokinin mRNA was studied in regions of post mortem human brain using RNA blot analysis (Northern blot) and in situ hybridization. Northern blot analysis using a cDNA probe showed high levels of an approximately 0.8 kb preprocholecystokinin mRNA in all regions of neocortex examined. Lower levels of preprocholecystokinin mRNA were(More)