Jutta Kirfel

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Breast carcinogenesis is a multistep process involving both genetic and epigenetic changes. Since epigenetic changes like histone modifications are potentially reversible processes, much effort has been directed toward understanding this mechanism with the goal of finding novel therapies as well as more refined diagnostic and prognostic tools in breast(More)
Intermediate filament proteins form an essential part of the cytoskeleton and provide topological order to cells and tissues. These features result from their intrinsic property of self-organization and their response to extrinsic cues. Keratins represent the largest subgroup among all intermediate filament proteins and are differentially expressed as pairs(More)
Demethylation at distinct lysine residues in histone H3 by lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) causes either gene repression or activation. As a component of co-repressor complexes, LSD1 contributes to target gene repression by removing mono- and dimethyl marks from lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4). In contrast, during androgen receptor (AR)-activated gene(More)
BACKGROUND ARPKD is associated with mutations in the PKHD1 gene on chromosome 6p12. Most cases manifest peri-/neonatally with a high mortality rate in the first month of life while the clinical spectrum of surviving patients is much more variable than generally perceived. METHODS We examined the clinical course of 164 neonatal survivors (126 unrelated(More)
Aberrant epigenetic changes in DNA methylation and histone acetylation are hallmarks of most cancers, whereas histone methylation was previously considered to be irreversible and less versatile. Recently, several histone demethylases were identified catalyzing the removal of methyl groups from histone H3 lysine residues and thereby influencing gene(More)
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is an important cause of childhood renal- and liver-related morbidity and mortality. The clinical spectrum is widely variable. About 30 to 50% of affected individuals die in the neonatal period, while others survive into adulthood. ARPKD is caused by mutations in the PKHD1 (polycystic kidney and hepatic(More)
AIM Primary melanocytic tumours are uncommon neoplasms of the central nervous system. Although similarities with uveal melanomas have been hypothesized, data on their molecular features are limited. METHODS In this study, we investigated the mutational status of BRAF(V600E) , KIT, GNAQ, GNA11, N-RAS and H-RAS in a series of 19 primary melanocytic tumours(More)
Tumor cells at the tumor margin lose epithelial properties and acquire features of mesenchymal cells, a process called epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Recently, features of EMT were shown to be linked to cells with tumor-founding capability, so-called cancer stem cells (CSCs). Inducers of the EMT include several transcription factors, such as(More)
Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is one of the most common hereditary renal cystic diseases in children. The clinical spectrum ranges from stillbirth and neonatal demise to survival into adulthood. In a given family, however, patients usually display comparable phenotypes. Many families who lost a child with severe ARPKD desire an early(More)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4C (CMT4C) is a childhood-onset demyelinating form of hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy associated with an early-onset scoliosis and a distinct Schwann cell pathology. CMT4C is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and has been mapped to a 13-cM linkage interval on chromosome 5q23-q33. By homozygosity mapping and(More)