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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the decontamination capacity of 4 different types of cleaning cloths (microfiber cleaning cloth, cotton cloth, sponge cloth, and disposable paper towels) commonly used in hospital in their ability to reduce microbial loads from a surface used dry or wet in new condition. All of the cloths except disposable(More)
BACKGROUND This study was carried out to investigate the relationship between the frequency of traffic accidents and impaired vision. MATERIALS AND METHODS Seven hundred and fifty-four drivers involved in accidents were recruited, in addition to 250 accident-free drivers similar in age and driving experience as an control group. The age distribution of(More)
The two most common forms of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) are the cerebral forms (CER) with an inflammatory demyelinating reaction that resembles multiple sclerosis, and adrenomyeloneuropathy (AMN) which involves primarily the spinal cord and in which the inflammatory reaction is mild or absent. We found no significant association between the(More)
BACKGROUND Aspergillus spp are ubiquitous spore-forming fungi. Construction work, renovation, demolition, or excavation activities within a hospital or in surrounding areas increase the risk for aspergillus infection in susceptible patients and are the main cause of nosocomial aspergillus outbreaks. METHODS We investigated the efficacy of infection(More)
Antimicrobial resistance is threatening the successful management of nosocomial infections worldwide. Despite the therapeutic limitations imposed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), its clinical impact is still debated. The objective of this study was to estimate the excess mortality and length of hospital stay (LOS) associated with MRSA(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) appears to play an important role in HIV encephalitis (HIVE). TNF2, a polymorphism of TNF-alpha, associates with higher levels of TNF-alpha and severe manifestations of some infections. We studied 44 acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients with autopsy-proven HIVE and/or HIV leukoencephalopathy (HIVLE)(More)
The immunoglobulin G antibody response to Helicobacter pylori was assessed in 78 patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia using five different antigen preparations. All patients were endoscoped and biopsied. The H pylori state was determined histologically on at least two endoscopic biopsy specimens using a modified Giemsa stain. The ultracentrifuged cell(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteremias caused by Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli are among the most common bloodstream infections (BSIs) in adults. The aim of the study was to investigate risk factors for infection and clinical outcomes of bacteremias caused by S aureus or E coli. METHODS We conducted a 1-year matched prospective cohort study including 150(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigated the influence of the size of unidirectional ceiling distribution systems on counts of viable microorganisms recovered at defined sites in operating room (ORs) and on instrument tables during orthopedic surgery. METHODS We compared bacterial sedimentation during 80 orthopedic surgeries. A total of 19 surgeries were(More)