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Helicobacter pylori strains display remarkable genetic diversity, and the presence of strains bearing the toxigenic vacA s1 allele, a complete cag pathogenicity island (PAI), cagA alleles containing multiple EPIYA phosphorylation sites, and expressing the BabA adhesin correlates with development of gastroduodenal disease in adults. To better understand the(More)
Many organisms respond to DNA damage by inducing expression of DNA repair genes. We find that the human stomach pathogen Helicobacter pylori instead induces transcription and translation of natural competence genes, thus increasing transformation frequency. Transcription of a lysozyme-like protein that promotes DNA donation from intact cells is also(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) has increased nearly five-fold over the last four decades in the United States. Barrett's esophagus, the replacement of the normal squamous epithelial lining with a mucus-secreting columnar epithelium, is the only known precursor to EAC. Like other parts of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, the(More)
Helicobacter pylori colonization of the human stomach is characterized by profound disease-causing inflammation. Bacterial proteins that detoxify reactive oxygen species or recognize damaged DNA adducts promote infection, suggesting that H. pylori requires DNA damage repair for successful in vivo colonization. The molecular mechanisms of repair remain(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection of the human stomach is associated with disease-causing inflammation that elicits DNA damage in both bacterial and host cells. Bacteria must repair their DNA to persist. The H. pylori AddAB helicase-exonuclease is required for DNA repair and efficient stomach colonization. To dissect the role of each activity in DNA repair and(More)
To study the regulation of the early stages of hematopoiesis, cDNA representational difference analysis was used to isolate genes that were differentially expressed in primitive hematopoietic progenitors. The reasoning was that such genes were more likely to provide functions important to hematopoietic stem cells and progenitors. One of the genes identified(More)
Genetic diversification of Helicobacter pylori adhesin genes may allow adaptation of adherence properties to facilitate persistence despite host defences. The sabA gene encodes an adhesin that binds sialyl-Lewis antigens on inflamed gastric tissue. We found variability in the copy number and locus of the sabA gene and the closely related sabB and omp27(More)
Animal models are important tools for studies of human disease, but developing these models is a particular challenge with regard to organisms with restricted host ranges, such as the human stomach pathogen Helicobacter pylori. In most cases, H. pylori infects the stomach for many decades before symptoms appear, distinguishing it from many bacterial(More)
The haploid genome of Xenopus laevis contains two src genes, and transcripts from both genes are found in the maternal RNA pool of the oocyte (Steele, R. E. (1985) Nucleic Acids Res. 13, 1747-1761). We have now isolated cDNA clones which contain complete coding sequences from both src mRNAs. In vitro translation of RNAs transcribed in vitro from these(More)
The peptidoglycan (PG) cell wall is an essential component of the cell envelope of most bacteria. Biogenesis of PG involves a lipid-linked disaccharide-pentapeptide intermediate called lipid II, which must be translocated across the cytoplasmic membrane after it is synthesized in the inner leaflet of this bilayer. Accordingly, it has been demonstrated that(More)