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BACKGROUND The treatment of relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) has resulted in few durable remissions. Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), an essential component of B-cell-receptor signaling, mediates interactions with the tumor microenvironment and promotes the survival and proliferation of CLL cells. METHODS We conducted a phase 1b-2 multicenter(More)
One challenging aspect in the clinical development of molecularly targeted therapies, which represent a new and promising approach to treating cancers, has been the identification of a biologically active dose rather than a maximum tolerated dose. The goal of the present study was to identify a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic relationship in preclinical(More)
PURPOSE Survival and progression of mature B-cell malignancies depend on signals from the B-cell antigen receptor, and Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) is a critical signaling kinase in this pathway. We evaluated ibrutinib (PCI-32765), a small-molecule irreversible inhibitor of BTK, in patients with B-cell malignancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of these extensive non-clinical studies was to assess pharmacokinetics and dispositional properties of sunitinib and its primary active metabolite (SU12662). METHODS Sunitinib was administered in single and repeat oral doses in mice, rats, and monkeys. Assessments were made using liquid-chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric methods,(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis plays a key role in embryo-fetal development and, based on nonclinical safety data, the majority of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-targeted antiangiogenic agents used in cancer therapy are not recommended during pregnancy. We investigated the effects of sunitinib (an oral inhibitor of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases(More)
Amphetamine (AP), a chiral drug, displays stereoselective differences in biological action. The effect of stereochemistry on the disposition kinetics of the enantiomers has not been thoroughly studied. We examined the disposition kinetics of AP in rats using a sensitive precolumn derivatization HPLC method that can separate the enantiomers of AP and its(More)
SU5416, 3-(3,5-dimethyl-1H-pyrrol-2-ylmethylene)-1,3-dihydro-indol-2-one, is a potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinase, Flk-1/KDR (fetal liver kinase 1/kinase insert domain-containing receptor), also known as VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR2). It was the first VEGFR2 inhibitor to enter clinical trials for the treatment(More)
We have developed a series of potent and selective factor VIIa inhibitors based on the 2-[5-(5-carbamimidoyl-1H-benzoimidazol-2-yl)-6-hydroxy-biphenyl-3-yl]-succinic acid scaffold. These amidine-containing compounds have low oral bioavailability. Herein, we describe our efforts to improve the oral bioavailability of the parent amidine via a prodrug strategy(More)
To study the disposition kinetics of methamphetamine (MAP), we have developed a sensitive high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) assay to quantitate the enantiomers of MAP and its major metabolites, amphetamine (AP), p-hydroxymethamphetamine (p-OH-MAP), and p-hydroxyamphetamine (p-OH-AP), the latter two of which are hydroxylated metabolites, in rat(More)
BACKGROUND Gabapentin enacarbil is an actively transported prodrug of gabapentin that provides predictable dose-proportional gabapentin exposure with high (> or =68%) oral bioavailability. OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to investigate the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of gabapentin enacarbil up to supratherapeutic doses and the effects of(More)