Juta K. Reed

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In addition to their well known roles within cells, purine nucleotides such as adenosine 5' triphosphate (ATP) and guanosine 5' triphosphate (GTP), nucleosides such as adenosine and guanosine and bases, such as adenine and guanine and their metabolic products xanthine and hypoxanthine are released into the extracellular space where they act as intercellular(More)
The biochemical properties of the electrically excitable sodium channels in the electroplaque of Electrophorus electricus were investigated using tritiated tetrodotoxin (TTX) as a specific membrane probe. Membrane fragments from the electroplaque were isolated essentially by differential centrifugation and characterized with respect to the plasma membrane(More)
9-(Dicyanovinyl)julolidine (DCVJ) is a fluorescent dye whose intramolecular rotational relaxation is solvent dependent. Since its quantum yield increases with decreasing free volume, this molecule has been very useful in monitoring synthetic polymer reactions and measuring local microviscosity changes in phospholipid bilayers [Loutfy, R. O. (1986) Pure(More)
A rapid procedure for the isolation of intact total cellular RNA from cultured cells is described. This method combines the simultaneous disruption of cells and extraction of nucleic acids in a single step with the use of phenol and a buffer containing 100 mM LiCl. Total cellular RNA can be isolated in approximately 2 hours. The yield and quality of the RNA(More)
The effect of extracellular ATP was studied in PC12 cells, a neurosecretory line that releases ATP. The addition of micromolar concentrations of ATP to PC12 cells evoked a transient increase in the cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), as measured with the Ca(2+)-sensitive dye fura 2. AMP and adenosine were without effect, ruling out the involvement(More)
We have studied the development of the action potential Na+ channels in PC12 cells, an established line that has been useful as a model for neuronal differentiation. In continuous culture PC12 cells, although electrically inexcitable, nevertheless have a low level of Na+ channels as judged by the increase in 22Na+ uptake in the presence of veratridine and(More)
This paper reports an analysis of the lipid and polypeptide composition of a tetrodotoxin (TTX)-binding plasma membrane fraction of the eel electroplaque. Phospholipids comprise 73% of the total lipid with cholesterol and neutral glycerides constituting about 21 and 6%, respectively. The major phospholipids are phosphatidylcholine (47.3%),(More)