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We previously demonstrated inhibition of ovalbumin-induced allergic airway hyper-responsiveness in the mouse using ES-62, a phosphorylcholine-containing glycoprotein secreted by the filarial nematode, Acanthocheilonema viteae. This inhibition correlated with ES-62-induced mast cell desensitisation, although the degree to which this reflected direct(More)
There is growing evidence that helminth infections might suppress allergic responses by mechanisms potentially involving regulatory T lymphocytes, cytokines, helminth molecules and polyclonal IgE. Heligmosomoides polygyrus infection in mice is associated with reduced local and systemic immune responses, thus providing an excellent model to study the(More)
OBJECTIVE Among many survival strategies, parasitic worms secrete molecules that modulate host immune responses. One such product, ES-62, is protective against collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Since interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been reported to play a pathogenic role in the development of RA, this study was undertaken to(More)
Parasitic nematodes typically modulate T-cell reactivity, primarily during the chronic phase of infection. We analyzed the role of CD4-positive (CD4+) T effector (T(eff)) cells and regulatory T (T(reg)) cells derived from mice chronically infected with the intestinal nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus. Different CD4+ T-cell subsets were transferred into(More)
Hyporesponsiveness induced by Heligmosomoides polygyrus was quantified and the relationship between TGF-beta and inflammation was identified in BALB/c mice. The immune response and pathological changes modified by neutralization of TGF-beta were characterized in vivo. Nine and twelve days following infection, BALB/c mice were injected intraperitoneally with(More)
Helminth infections are commonly associated with a Th2 immune response, yet only a few parasite molecules involved in triggering such immune responses have been identified. Here, we describe the Th2-skewing property of calreticulin of Heligmosomoides polygyrus (HpCRT). HpCRT is a secreted protein most abundantly expressed by tissue invasive larvae (L4).(More)
In spite of increasing evidence that parasitic worms may protect humans from developing allergic and autoimmune diseases and the continuing identification of defined helminth-derived immunomodulatory molecules, to date no new anti-inflammatory drugs have been developed from these organisms. We have approached this matter in a novel manner by synthesizing a(More)
ES-62, an immunomodulator secreted by filarial nematodes, exhibits therapeutic potential in mouse models of allergic inflammation, at least in part by inducing the desensitisation of Fc ε RI-mediated mast cell responses. However, in addition to their pathogenic roles in allergic and autoimmune diseases, mast cells are important in fighting infection, wound(More)
Parasitic nematodes are constantly exposed to the immune effector mechanisms of their hosts. One strategy of the worms to cope with these defence reactions is the secretion of modulatory proteins that down-regulate cell-mediated immune responses. We analysed the proliferation of mesenteric lymph node cells of mice infected with Heligmosomoides polygyrus and(More)
OBJECTIVE The hygiene hypothesis suggests that parasitic helminths (worms) protect against the development of autoimmune disease via a serendipitous side effect of worm-derived immunomodulators that concomitantly promote parasite survival and limit host pathology. The aim of this study was to investigate whether ES-62, a phosphorylcholine-containing(More)