Justyna Kozlowska

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Despite the fundamental contribution of the gut microbiota to host physiology, the extent of its variation in genetically-identical animals used in research is not known. We report significant divergence in both the composition and metabolism of gut microbiota in genetically-identical adult C57BL/6 mice housed in separate controlled units within a single(More)
Obtaining an in-depth understanding of the arms races between peptides comprising the innate immune response and bacterial pathogens is of fundamental interest and will inform the development of new antibacterial therapeutics. We investigated whether a whole organism view of antimicrobial peptide (AMP) challenge on Escherichia coli would provide a suitably(More)
The interactions of cationic amphipathic antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with anionic biological membranes have been the focus of much research aimed at improving the activity of such compounds in the search for therapeutic leads. However, many of these peptides are thought to have other polyanions, such as DNA or RNA, as their ultimate target. Here a(More)
We used a combination of fluorescence, circular dichroism (CD), and NMR spectroscopies in conjunction with size exclusion chromatography to help rationalize the relative antibacterial, antiplasmodial, and cytotoxic activities of a series of proline-free and proline-containing model antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in terms of their structural properties. When(More)
Chronic polymicrobial lung infections in adult cystic fibrosis patients are typically dominated by high levels of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Determining the impact of P. aeruginosa growth on airway secretion composition is fundamental to understanding both the behaviour of this pathogen in vivo, and its relationship with other potential colonising species. We(More)
The interaction of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) with the inner membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is a key determinant of their abilities to exert diverse bactericidal effects. Here we present a molecular level understanding of the initial target membrane interaction for two cationic α-helical AMPs that share structural similarities but have a ten-fold(More)
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