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AIMS We hypothesized that subjects with a normal body mass index (BMI), but high body fat (BF) content [normal weight obesity (NWO)], have a higher prevalence of cardiometabolic dysregulation and are at higher risk for cardiovascular (CV) mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS We analysed 6171 subjects >20 years of age from the Third National Health and Nutrition(More)
AIMS Prospective studies indicate that apolipoprotein measurements predict coronary heart disease (CHD) risk; however, evidence is conflicting, especially in the US. Our aim was to assess whether measurements of apolipoprotein B (apoB) and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) can improve the ability to predict CHD death beyond what is possible based on traditional(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III) definition of the metabolic syndrome in identifying insulin-resistant individuals and to explore alternative approaches to improve identification of insulin-resistant individuals among asymptomatic adults from the general population. (More)
REPORTS OF A RELATIONSHIP between altitude and circulating levels of leptin suggest a possible role of hypoxia in leptin regulation. However, studies on the changes in plasma leptin levels at altitude are controversial, with some showing an increase and others suggesting no change or a fall in these levels. Exposure to hypoxia has been shown to stimulate(More)
Obesity has been associated with increased cardiac sympathetic activation during wakefulness, but the effect on sleep-related sympathetic modulation is not known. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of fat gain on cardiac autonomic control during wakefulness and sleep in humans. We performed a randomized, controlled study to assess the(More)
Recent reports suggest that IGF (insulin-like growth factor)-I and IGFBP-3 (IGF-binding protein-3) have independent and opposing mechanistic effects on insulin. The aim of the present study was to assess the relationship between the IGF-I/IGFBP-3 ratio and the metabolic syndrome. We examined 3281 subjects (1463 men and 1818 women, aged 20-49 years),(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of chronic Chagas' heart disease to other dilated cardiomyopathies. METHODS A study comprising 128 patients from a heart disease center was carried out from 1993 to 2003. Of them, 51 (40%) were Trypasonoma cruzi positive. Epidemiological data was obtained through interviews and clinical(More)
A sedentary lifestyle predisposes to cardiometabolic diseases. Lifestyle changes such as increased physical activity improve a range of cardiometabolic risk factors. The objective of this study was to examine whether functional changes in adipose tissue were related to these improvements. Seventy-three sedentary, overweight (mean BMI 29.9 ± 3.2 kg/m2) and(More)
Reports of a relationship between altitude and circulating levels of leptin suggest a possible role of hypoxia in leptin regulation. However, studies on the changes in plasma leptin levels at altitude are controversial with some showing an increase while others suggesting no change or a fall in these levels. Exposure to hypoxia has been shown to stimulate(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Glycemic control in geriatric patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) remains clinically challenging. The objective of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of insulin lispro in patients C65 years (geriatric) to those\65 years (non-geriatric), using a metaanalysis of randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT). METHODS This is(More)