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The turnover of each protein in the mammalian proteome is a functionally important characteristic. Here, we employed high-resolution mass spectrometry to quantify protein dynamics in nondividing mammalian cells. The ratio of externally supplied versus endogenous amino acids to de novo protein synthesis was about 17:1. Using subsaturating SILAC labeling, we(More)
AIM Numerous genes are known to cause dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). However, until now technological limitations have hindered elucidation of the contribution of all clinically relevant disease genes to DCM phenotypes in larger cohorts. We now utilized next-generation sequencing to overcome these limitations and screened all DCM disease genes in a large(More)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) consists of a heterogeneous group of tumors. Population-based data on the familial risk for specific histopathologic subtypes have not been established. Such data are useful for clinical counseling and for searching tumor subtypes sharing common genetic pathways. We used the Swedish Family-Cancer Database to calculate standardized(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity has been related to an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). Adipokines produced by the adipose tissue are directly linked to obesity and may thus contribute to the pathogenesis of CRC. We hypothesized that potentially functional polymorphisms in the adipokine genes leptin (LEP), leptin receptor (LEPR), resistin (RETN), and(More)
Copy number variants (CNVs), insertions, deletions and duplications, contribute considerably to human genetic variation and disease development. A recent study has characterized 100 CNVs including a deletion in the mitochondrial tumor suppressor gene 1 (MTUS1) lacking the coding exon 4. MTUS1 maps to chromosome 8p, a region frequently deleted and associated(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate enamel wear caused by monolithic zirconia crowns and to compare this with enamel wear caused by contralateral natural antagonists. Twenty monolithic zirconia crowns were placed in 20 patients requiring full molar crowns. For measurement of wear, impressions of both jaws were made at baseline after crown cementation(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of the first cancer in a family may lead to the medical examination of the patient's relatives and the subsequent identification of additional familial cancers. If detection bias is present, familial risks could be overestimated soon after first diagnosis. METHODS We followed 1,677,722 offspring/siblings of 846,448 probands from(More)
A reliable determination of familial risks for cancer is important for clinical counseling, prevention and understanding cancer etiology. Family-based gene identification efforts may be targeted if the risks are well characterized and the mode of inheritance is identified. Medically verified data on familial risks have not been available for all types of(More)
The variants within the human melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene are associated with an increased risk of different skin cancers. In this study, we genotyped by direct sequencing, 529 cases of basal cell carcinoma of the skin (BCC) and 533 healthy controls for polymorphisms in the entire MC1R gene. In addition to 10 common polymorphisms, we detected 23(More)
The Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) pathway mediates the signals of a wide range of cytokines, growth factors and hormones. Thus, aberrant activation of the JAK/STAT pathway may predispose to malignancy due to deregulation of proliferation, differentiation or apoptosis. In this study, we investigated whether(More)