Justine R. Stehn

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Dynamic remodeling of the actinomyosin cytoskeleton is integral to many biological processes. It is regulated, in part, by myosin phosphorylation. Nonmuscle myosin H chain IIA is phosphorylated by protein kinase C (PKC) on Ser(1917). Our aim was to determine the PKC isoform specificity of this phosphorylation event and to evaluate its potential role in(More)
The actin cytoskeleton is a potentially vulnerable property of cancer cells, yet chemotherapeutic targeting attempts have been hampered by unacceptable toxicity. In this study, we have shown that it is possible to disrupt specific actin filament populations by targeting isoforms of tropomyosin, a core component of actin filaments, that are selectively(More)
ERK-regulated cell proliferation requires multiple phosphorylation events catalyzed first by MEK and then by casein kinase 2 (CK2), followed by interaction with importin7 and subsequent nuclear translocation of pERK. We report that genetic manipulation of a core component of the actin filaments of cancer cells, the tropomyosin Tm5NM1, regulates the(More)
The actin cytoskeleton plays an important role in most, if not all, processes necessary for cell survival. Given the fundamental role that the actin cytoskeleton plays in the progression of cancer, it is an ideal target for chemotherapy. Although it is possible to image the actin cytoskeleton in a high-throughput manner, there is currently no validated(More)
The actin microfilament network is important in maintaining cell shape and function in eukaryotic cells. It has a multitude of roles in cellular processes such as cell adhesion, motility, cellular signalling, intracellular trafficking and cytokinesis. Alterations in the organisation of the cytoskeleton and changes in cellular morphology, motility and(More)
Tropomyosins are believed to function in part by stabilizing actin filaments. However, accumulating evidence suggests that fundamental differences in function exist between tropomyosin isoforms, which contributes to the formation of functionally distinct filament populations. We investigated the functions of the high-molecular-weight isoform Tm3 and(More)
Two tropomyosin isoforms, human Tm5(NM1) and Tm3, were over-expressed in B35 rat neuro-epithelial cells to examine preferential associations between specific actin and tropomyosin isoforms and to determine the role tropomyosin isoforms play in regulating the drug susceptibility of actin filament populations. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot(More)
Abbreviations: ABP/s, actin-binding protein/s; ADF, actin depolymerizing factor; Bcl-2, B cell lymphoma 2; CIN, chronophin; DISC, death-inducing signaling complex; F-actin, filamentous actin; FADD, fas-associated death domain; G-actin, globular actin; Fractin, fragment actin; HMW, High molecular weight; LIMK, LIM kinase; LMW, Low molecular weight; MLCK,(More)
The actin cytoskeleton is indispensable for normal cellular function. In particular, several actin-based structures coordinate cellular motility, a process hijacked by tumor cells in order to facilitate their propagation to distant sites. The actin cytoskeleton, therefore, represents a point for chemotherapeutic intervention. The challenge in disrupting the(More)
The balance of transition between distinct adhesion types contributes to the regulation of mesenchymal cell migration, and the characteristic association of adhesions with actin filaments led us to question the role of actin filament-associating proteins in the transition between adhesive states. Tropomyosin isoform association with actin filaments imparts(More)