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OBJECTIVE Elective cesarean section (CS) is a proven method to prevent mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), but is no longer recommended for women with antiretroviral therapy resulting in a low viral load (VL): <400 copies/mL in French and <1000 copies/mL in US guidelines. We sought to describe mode of delivery practices in human immunodeficiency virus(More)
Intravenous radionuclide cystography using a single intravenous injection of 99mtechnetium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, provides information on individual kidney function, coarse anatomy and vesicorenal reflux. This study investigates the effectiveness of intravenous radionuclide cystography in detecting reflux. In 58 children intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors wanted to assess the level of Streptococcus pneumoniae antibiotic resistance in Ile de France. METHOD In 2001, 637 clinical strains of S. pneumoniae were prospectively collected from 32 microbiology laboratories. RESULTS Fifty one percent of strains were isolated from children under 15 years of age and 49% from adults. In children,(More)
Campylobacter fetus is associated with invasive disease, while other Campylobacter species, such as C. coli and C. jejuni, are a common cause of bacterial diarrhea. Bacteremia has been well described, but pleurisy remains very uncommon. We report the recurrent isolation of a C. fetus subsp. fetus strain during two episodes of pleural effusion with a fatal(More)
Intravenous radionuclide cystography (IVRNC) with one injection of 99m-Tc-DTPA measures renal function and detects vesico-renal reflux [1, 2,3]. This paper describes a possible means of detecting incompetent ureteric orifices during IVRNC examinations. In some patients a hold-up of material in the renal areas (stasis) was observed which suddenly cleared at(More)
This study shows that Radionuclide imaging provides a simple method for detecting vesico-renal reflux in children, when an intravenous dose of 99mTc-D. T. P. A. is used as radioactive tracer. Forty-eight patients have been studied, of these twenty-eight also had intravenous pyelography with post-micturition films, micturating cystography, and cystoscopy. In(More)
The records have been studied of 77 cases of acute intussusception in children which occurred in Aberdeen City, Aberdeenshire, and Banffshire during the 10 years 1967--76. There has been a decrease in age-specific incidence of about a third since a previous study in the same region was carried out between 1950 and 1959. The decline in rates is greater for(More)
HL-A phenotypes were determined in 60 patients with primary thyrotoxicosis and in 60 age-sex matched controls living in the same region in order to establish the frequencies of ten HL-A antigens in the two populations. HL-A1 was present in 28 patients and 18 controls (X2 equals 2;86, P greater than 0,05); HL-A13 was present in eigth patients and only one(More)