Justine Nikola Whitham

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQL), experience of pain and pain coping strategies in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). To compare reports describing these variables obtained from children and their parents. METHODS Participants were 59 children aged 8 to 18 yr with JIA and their(More)
Summary Diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis in hospitals is poor. We compared patient outcomes before and after implementation of a clinical protocol for lowtrauma fractures. Patients in the pathway were more likely to receive information about osteoporosis or osteoporosis medications. Therefore our clinical pathway is effective in improving(More)
The aim of this 12-month prospective study was to compare reports describing the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) obtained from parents and children, to investigate the extent to which the children’s HRQL changed over a 12-month period, and to describe the relationship between children’s HRQL, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine use of health (including psychiatric) and school-based services by children and adolescents who met symptom criteria for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the factors associated with service use, and barriers to service access. METHOD The relationship between parents' perceptions of children's need for professional(More)
This study compared the neurological development of 4 month old infants exposed to buprenorphine or methadone during pregnancy to that of a control group of non-exposed infants. Participants were 30 buprenorphine-maintained women, 22 methadone-maintained women and 33 non opioid-dependent controls, and their infants. Women were enrolled during pregnancy as(More)
AIM To study the utility of transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) in women at high risk of preterm delivery. METHODS Women who were scheduled for frequent digital examinations of the cervix from 16 to 26 weeks of gestation had TVU determinations of cervical length before their clinical examinations. Clinicians were blinded to the TVU results. Therefore, clinical(More)
INTRODUCTION Assessment of medical student clinical skills is best carried out using multiple assessment methods. A programme was developed to obtain parent evaluations of medical student paediatric interview skills for feedback and to identify students at risk of poor performance in summative assessments. METHOD A total of 130 parent evaluations were(More)
This study compared the latency of pattern reversal visual evoked potentials (VEP) of 36-month old children exposed to opioid pharmacotherapy in utero to that of a group of non-exposed children. Pregnant women were enrolled as part of an open-label non-randomised flexible dosing longitudinal study. Participants were 21 children whose mothers were treated(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effects of behavioral interventions on the sleep/wakefulness of infants, parent and infant stress, and later child emotional/behavioral problems, and parent-child attachment. METHODS A total of 43 infants (6-16 months, 63% girls) were randomized to receive either graduated extinction (n = 14), bedtime fading (n = 15), or sleep(More)
INTRODUCTION Little information is available on the intrarater reliability of parent ratings of medical student interview skills. The aim of this study was to compare maternal ratings of a videotaped medical student interview, with ratings by the same mother of the same interview seen a month later. METHOD Thirty mothers rated 1 of 2 'medical student'(More)
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