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Dopamine neurons are thought to convey a fast, incentive salience signal, faster than can be mediated by dopamine. A resolution of this paradox may be that midbrain dopamine neurons exert fast excitatory actions. Using transgenic mice with fluorescent dopamine neurons, in which the axonal projections of the neurons are visible, we made horizontal brain(More)
We used a knock-in strategy to generate two lines of mice expressing Cre recombinase under the transcriptional control of the dopamine transporter promoter (DAT-cre mice) or the serotonin transporter promoter (SERT-cre mice). In DAT-cre mice, immunocytochemical staining of adult brains for the dopamine-synthetic enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase and for Cre(More)
Neurotransmitter glutamate has been thought to derive mainly from glutamine via the action of glutaminase type 1 (GLS1). To address the importance of this pathway in glutamatergic transmission, we knocked out GLS1 in mice. The insertion of a STOP cassette by homologous recombination produced a null allele that blocked transcription, encoded no(More)
The 5-HT(1A) receptor (5-HT(1A)R) is the most extensively characterized serotonin (5-HT) receptor mainly because of its involvement in the mode of action of antidepressants. The 5-HT(1A)R is confined to the somatodendritic domain of central neurons, where it mediates serotonin-evoked hyperpolarization. Our previous studies underlined the role of the short(More)
The messenger RNA expression patterns of two orphan Na+/Cl(-)-dependent transporters, Rxt1 and V-7-3-2, were compared in the adult rat CNS by in situ hybridization histochemistry. The sites of synthesis of both orphan transporters were found to largely overlap. The highest concentrations of Rxt1 and V-7-3-2 mRNAs were present in the olfactory bulb, cerebral(More)
Previous studies have shown that the mRNA encoding the Na+/Cl(-)-dependent "orphan" transporter Rxt1 is expressed exclusively in the central nervous system (CNS). In the present study, specific antibodies were raised in rabbits for the detailed mapping of this transporter in the rat. The C-terminal part of Rxt1 was fused with glutathione-S-transferase(More)
Responses resulting from injury to the trigeminal nerve exhibit differences compared with those caused by lesion of other peripheral nerves. With the aim of elucidating the physiopathological mechanisms underlying cephalic versus extracephalic neuropathic pain, we determined the time course expression of proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) and(More)
Dysregulated glutamatergic neurotransmission has been strongly implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). Recently, presynaptic modulation of glutamate transmission has been shown to have therapeutic promise. We asked whether genetic knockdown of glutaminase (gene GLS1) to reduce glutamatergic transmission presynaptically by slowing the(More)
Activated glial cells in the dorsal spinal cord take an important part in the development of pain after peripheral nerve injury. Our understanding of mechanisms involved in functional changes of spinal glia remains incomplete. Excepting drugs that completely disrupt glial function, pharmacological studies fail to target glia and to modify locally its(More)