Justina S.P. Sanny

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Elongation of the body axis is accompanied by the assembly of a polarized cytoarchitecture that provides the basis for directional cell behavior. We find that planar polarity in the Drosophila embryo is established through a sequential enrichment of actin-myosin cables and adherens junction proteins in complementary surface domains. F-actin accumulation at(More)
Dorsal closure of the Drosophila embryo involves morphological changes in two epithelia, the epidermis and the amnioserosa, and is a popular system for studying the regulation of epithelial morphogenesis. We previously implicated the small GTPase Drac1 in the assembly of an actomyosin contractile apparatus, contributing to cell shape change in the epidermis(More)
The Drosophila testis harbors two types of stem cells: germ line stem cells (GSCs) and cyst stem cells (CySCs). Both stem cell types share a physical niche called the hub, located at the apical tip of the testis. The niche produces the JAK/STAT ligand Unpaired (Upd) and BMPs to maintain CySCs and GSCs, respectively. However, GSCs also require BMPs produced(More)
Homoplasy refers to trait similarity due to convergent or parallel evolution (Brooks and McLennan 1991). Mistaking homoplasy for homology can lead to inaccurate estimation of paternity, relatedness, within-population genetic diversity, among-population genetic divergence, and interspecific phylogenies. Microsatellites have become the marker of choice for(More)
The Rho family small GTPases Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 regulate cell shape and motility through the actin cytoskeleton. These proteins cycle between a GTP-bound “on” state and a GDP-bound “off” state and are negatively regulated by GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), which accelerate the small GTPase’s intrinsic hydrolysis of bound GTP to GDP. Drosophila RhoGAP68F(More)
The Sac1 lipid phosphatase dephosphorylates several phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns) phosphates and, in yeast, regulates a diverse range of cellular processes including organization of the actin cytoskeleton and secretion. We have identified mutations in the gene encoding Drosophila Sac1. sac1 mutants die as embryos with defects in dorsal closure (DC). DC(More)
Adducin is a cytoskeletal protein having regulatory roles that involve actin filaments, functions that are inhibited by phosphorylation of adducin by protein kinase C. Adducin is hyperphosphorylated in nervous system tissue in patients with the neurodegenerative disease amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and mice lacking β-adducin have impaired synaptic(More)
We are using the maize leaf as an experimental system to ask how positional information establishes the proximal/distal axis. A mature maize leaf has three regions, the distal blade that functions in photosynthesis, the proximal sheath that wraps the stalk, and the ligule, marking a sharp boundary between blade and sheath. The recessive liguleless mutants(More)
Inherited mtDNA mutations cause severe human disease. In most species, mitochondria are inherited maternally through mechanisms that are poorly understood. Genes that specifically control the inheritance of mitochondria in the germline are unknown. Here, we show that the long isoform of the protein Oskar regulates the maternal inheritance of mitochondria in(More)
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