Justin T Malinowski

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Medicinal application of many complex natural products is precluded by the impracticality of their chemical synthesis. Pactamycin, the most structurally intricate aminocyclopentitol antibiotic, displays potent antiproliferative properties across multiple phylogenetic domains, but it is highly cytotoxic. A limited number of analogs produced by genetic(More)
An asymmetric total synthesis of the aminocyclopentitol pactamycin is described. The title compound is delivered in 15 steps from 2,4-pentanedione. Critical to this approach was the exploitation of a complex symmetry-breaking reduction strategy to assemble the C1, C2, and C7 relative stereochemistry within the first four steps of the synthesis. Multiple(More)
The synthesis and biological analysis of a number of novel congeners of the aminocyclopentitol pactamycin is described. Specific attention was paid to the preparation of derivatives at crucial synthetic branch points of the parent structure, and biological assays revealed a number of insights into the source of pactamycin's biological activity.(More)
This Perspective describes the discovery and development of silyl glyoxylates, a new family of conjunctive reagents for use in multicomponent coupling reactions. The selection of the nucleophilic and electrophilic components determines whether the silyl glyoxylate reagent will function as a synthetic equivalent to the dipolar glycolic acid synthon, the(More)
An advanced intermediate in a projected synthesis of pactamycin has been prepared. Early installation of the C1-dimethylurea functionality allows for its participation in a diastereoselective, chelation-controlled addition of organometal nucleophiles to the C5 prochiral ketone. Four of the molecule's six stereocenters are set with a ketone functional handle(More)
A formal synthesis of leustroducsin B has been completed. The synthesis relies upon a recently developed Reformatsky/Claisen condensation of silyl glyoxylates and enantioenriched β-lactones that establishes two of the molecule's three core stereocenters and permits further elaboration to an intermediate in Imanishi's synthesis via reliable chemistry (Prasad(More)
Reformatsky reagents react sequentially with silyl glyoxylates and β-lactones to give highly functionalized Claisen condensation products. A heretofore undocumented instance of stereochemical 1,4-induction results in efficient transmission of β-lactone stereochemistry to the emerging fully substituted stereocenter. Second-stage transformations reveal that(More)
α-Aminations of ketone-derived nitrones have been developed via [3,3]-rearrangement of the intermediates generated upon condensation with imidoyl chlorides. Careful reagent selection provides synthetically attractive amino protecting groups. The enediamide or α'-carbamoyl enamide products can be hydrolyzed to the desired carbonyl, or exposed to(More)
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