Justin R. Fallon

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Activation of group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) stimulates dendritic protein synthesis and long-term synaptic depression (LTD), but it remains unclear how these effects are related. Here we provide evidence that a consequence of mGluR activation in the hippocampus is the rapid loss of both AMPA and NMDA receptors from synapses. Like(More)
Long-term changes in synaptic efficacy may require the regulated translation of dendritic mRNAs. While the basis of such regulation is unknown, it seemed possible that some features of translational control in development could be recapitulated in neurons. Polyadenylation-induced translation of oocyte mRNAs requires the cis-acting CPE sequence and the(More)
The mechanism of kainate receptor targeting and clustering is still unresolved. Here, we demonstrate that members of the SAP90/PSD-95 family colocalize and associate with kainate receptors. SAP90 and SAP102 coimmunoprecipitate with both KA2 and GluR6, but only SAP97 coimmunoprecipitates with GluR6. Similar to NMDA receptors, GluR6 clustering is mediated by(More)
The selective concentration of neurotransmitter receptors at the postsynaptic membrane is an essential aspect of synaptic differentiation and function. Agrin is an extracellular matrix protein that is likely to direct the accumulation of acetylcholine receptors and several other postsynaptic elements at developing and regenerating neuromuscular junctions.(More)
The synapse is the primary locus of cell-cell communication in the nervous system. It is now clear that the synapse incorporates diverse cell signaling modalities in addition to classical neurotransmission. Here we show that two components of the insulin pathway are localized at CNS synapses, where they are components of the postsynaptic density (PSD). An(More)
The loss of Fragile X mental retardation protein (FMRP) causes Fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited mental retardation and single gene cause of autism. Although postsynaptic functions for FMRP are well established, potential roles at the presynaptic apparatus remain largely unexplored. Here, we characterize the expression of FMRP and its homologs,(More)
The ability of neurons to modify synaptic connections based on activity is essential for information processing and storage in the brain. The induction of long-lasting changes in synaptic strength requires new protein synthesis and is often mediated by NMDA-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs). We used a dark-rearing paradigm to examine mRNA translational(More)
The creation of enduring modifications in synaptic efficacy requires new protein synthesis. Neurons face the formidable challenge of directing these newly made proteins to the appropriate subset of synapses. One attractive solution to this problem is the local translation of mRNAs that are targeted to dendrites and perhaps to synapses themselves. The(More)
The precise orchestration of synaptic differentiation is critical for efficient information exchange in the nervous system. The nerve-muscle synapse forms in response to agrin, which is secreted from the motor nerve terminal and induces the clustering of acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) and other elements of the postsynaptic apparatus on the subjacent muscle(More)