Justin P Hirsch

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The yeast RAS1 and RAS2 genes appear to be involved in control of cell growth in response to nutrients. Here we show that this growth control also involves a signal mediated by the heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit homolog encoded by GPA2. A GPA2 null allele conferred a severe growth defect on cells containing a null allele of RAS2, although either(More)
Pseudohyphal differentiation in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is induced in diploid cells in response to nitrogen starvation and abundant fermentable carbon source. Filamentous growth requires at least two signaling pathways: the pheromone responsive MAP kinase cascade and the Gpa2p-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway. Recent studies have established a(More)
In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, recessive mutations at the OPI1 locus result in constitutively derepressed expression of inositol 1-phosphate synthase, the product of the INO1 gene. Many of the other enzymes involved in phospholipid biosynthesis are also expressed at high derepressed levels in opi1 mutants. Thus, the OPI1 gene is believed to encode a negative(More)
The large subunit of RNA polymerase II contains a highly conserved and essential heptapeptide repeat (Pro-Thr-Ser-Pro-Ser-Tyr-Ser) at its carboxy terminus. Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells are inviable if their RNA polymerase II large subunit genes encode fewer than 10 complete heptapeptide repeats; if they encode 10 to 12 complete repeats cells are(More)
Several domains of guanine nucleotide-binding proteins are conserved and form the guanine nucleotide-binding pocket. Mutations in these domains in EF-Tu, ras, and Gas have been shown to result in informative phenotypes. We made several analogous changes in SCG1, which encodes the alpha subunit of the G protein involved in pheromone response in yeast. The(More)
The INO1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes the regulated enzyme inositol-1-phosphate synthase, which catalyzes the first committed step in the synthesis of inositol-containing phospholipids. The expression of this gene was analyzed under conditions known to regulate phospholipid synthesis. RNA blot hybridization with a genomic clone for INO1 detected(More)
Haploid yeast cells initiate pheromone signaling upon the binding of pheromone to its receptor and activation of the coupled G protein. A regulatory process termed receptor inhibition blocks pheromone signaling when the a-factor receptor is inappropriately expressed in MATa cells. Receptor inhibition blocks signaling by inhibiting the activity of the G(More)
The INO1 promoter of Saccharomyces cerevisiae includes a copy of an upstream repression sequence (URS1; 5'AGCCGCCGA 3') observed in the promoters of several unrelated yeast genes. Expression of INO1-lacZ and CYC1-lacI'Z, activated by the INO1 UASINO, is significantly decreased by the INO1 URS1.
The carboxyl termini of alpha subunits of mammalian G proteins have been implicated in receptor interactions. We have used a genetic analysis to test such a role for the carboxyl terminus of Scg1, the alpha subunit involved in the yeast pheromone response pathway. A 22-amino-acid truncation (scg1Amb451) resulted in defects in growth and cellular morphology.(More)