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Foodborne Salmonella spp. is a leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States each year. Traditionally, most cases of salmonellosis were thought to originate from meat and poultry products. However, an increasing number of salmonellosis outbreaks are occurring as a result of contaminated produce. Several produce items specifically have been(More)
Among 43 monozygotic (MZ) and 19 dizygotic (DZ) pairs in which an index case had definite Parkinson's disease (PD), only one MZ pair was definitely concordant for PD. When pairs with questionable clinical features were included, 4 of 48 MZ and 1 of 19 DZ pairs were concordant. The frequency of PD in MZ cotwins of index cases with PD was similar to that(More)
Because there is biochemical evidence of decreased GABAergic function in Parkinson's disease, sodium valproate, an inhibitor of GABA catabolism, was administered to eight Parkinsonian patients. Valproate treatment did not significantly alter any Parkinsonian feature, but tended to increase the dyskinesia in the "on-off" patients. The increased dyskinesias(More)
Zero concordance for Parkinson disease was found in the first 12 monozygotic twin pairs examined in an ongoing twin study. One co-twin (subject without Parkinson disease) had essential tremor, another had cerebral vascular disease, and a third was an alcoholic. Cigarette smoking appeared to be less frequent in the probands than in the co-twins (11.9 versus(More)
For live-related kidney donation, the current UK guidance specifies that the donor has a right to know the recipient's HIV status. This guidance may prevent some potential recipients from asking friends or family to donate, as they do not wish them to know they are HIV positive. Currently, it is felt necessary that the donor should know the HIV status of(More)
The purpose of this research was to assess growth response of a Salmonella typhimurium poultry marker strain to fresh homogenized vegetables. Salmonella growth rates were significantly higher (p<0.05) in jalapeno extracts than any other produce extract examined. Growth rates on samples of broccoli and lettuce extracts were greater (p<0.05) than the(More)
Many fruits and vegetables are irrigated with water from rivers, lakes and even wastewater systems. Irrigation may be a route for the introduction of Salmonella. Our objectives in this study were to determine survivability and virulence expression in a strain of Salmonella typhimurium when exposed to environmental water sources. Virulence expression was(More)
Graduate preparation of social workers and the infrastructure of service delivery too often limit the pursuit and use of data to inform practice. We review literature addressing student and practitioner motivation and interests, as well as masters-level social work curriculum content. This establishes a context for presentation of Masters in Social Work(More)
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