Justin N Siemian

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A novel G-protein coupled receptor, trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1), has been shown to be a promising target to prevent stimulant relapse. Our recent studies showed that systemic administration of TAAR1 agonists decreased abuse-related behaviors of cocaine. However, the role of TAAR1 in specific subregions of the reward system in drug addiction is(More)
Recent evidence suggests that imidazoline I2 receptor ligands are suitable for combination therapy with opioids. Quantitative analysis of I2 receptor ligands combined with non-opioid drugs is necessary for the justification of alternative pain therapies. This study systematically examined the antihyperalgesic and response rate-suppressing effects of(More)
Impulsivity is an important personality trait associated with several clinical syndromes including drug abuse. While repeated drug exposure is known to increase certain behavioral responses, such as locomotion, to subsequent drug exposure, few studies have examined whether such sensitization develops for impulsive behavior. In the current study we tested(More)
Recent research has established the imidazoline I2 receptor as a promising target for the development of novel analgesics. However, despite an increasing understanding of imidazoline I2 receptor-mediated behavioral effects, little is known about post-I2-receptor signaling mechanisms. This study examined the effects of several inhibitors of Ca2+ signaling(More)
Pain remains a challenging clinical condition and spinal GABAA receptors are crucial modulators of pain processing. α2/α3-subtype GABAA receptors mediate the analgesic actions of benzodiazepines. Positive allosteric modulators (PAMs) at α2/α3-subtype GABAA receptors may have analgesic potential. Here we report a new selective α2/α3-subtype GABAA receptor(More)
Although μ-opioids have been reported to interact favorably with imidazoline I2 receptor (I2R) ligands in animal models of chronic pain, the dependence on the μ-opioid receptor ligand efficacy on these interactions had not been previously investigated. This study systematically examined the interactions between the selective I2 receptor ligand(More)
Emerging preclinical evidence suggests that imidazoline I2 receptor ligands may be effective analgesics. Quantitative analysis of the combined I2 receptor ligands and opioids is needed for the justification of combination therapy. This study systematically examined the anti-hyperalgesic and response rate-suppressing effects of selective I2 receptor ligands(More)
Both l- and d-methamphetamine (l- and d-MA) are more potent to release norpepinephrine (NE) than dopamine, and the selectivity is greater for l-MA than d-MA. Little is known of the in vivo pharmacology of l-MA. This study compared the effects of l-MA and d-MA in assays of nociception, behavioral disruption, and impulsivity. Antinociceptive effects of d- and(More)
The neuropeptide FF (NPFF) system has been implicated in a number of physiological processes including modulating the pharmacological activity of opioid analgesics and several other classes of drugs of abuse. In this study, we report the discovery of a novel proline scaffold with antagonistic activity at the NPFF receptors through a high throughput(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) is an important modulator of the dopaminergic system. Existing molecular evidence indicates that TAAR1 regulates dopamine levels through interactions with dopamine transporters and D2 receptors. However, investigations to date have not been exhaustive and other pathways may be(More)
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