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Cellular expression of Mcl-1, an anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member, is tightly regulated. Recently, Bcl-2 expression was shown to be regulated by microRNAs, small endogenous RNA molecules that regulate protein expression through sequence-specific interaction with messenger RNA. By analogy, we reasoned that Mcl-1 expression may also be regulated by(More)
MicroRNAs regulate pathways contributing to oncogenesis, and thus the mechanisms causing dysregulation of microRNA expression in cancer are of significant interest. Mature mir-29b levels are decreased in malignant cells, and this alteration promotes the malignant phenotype, including apoptosis resistance. However, the mechanism responsible for mir-29b(More)
Free fatty acids (FFA) induce hepatocyte lipoapoptosis by a c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)-dependent mechanism. However, the cellular processes by which JNK engages the core apoptotic machinery during lipotoxicity, especially activation of BH3-only proteins, remain incompletely understood. Thus, our aim was to determine whether JNK mediates induction of(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Interleukin 6 (IL-6)-mediated signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT-3) phosphorylation (activation) is aberrantly sustained in cholangiocarcinoma cells resulting in enhanced myeloid cell leukemia 1 (Mcl-1) expression and resistance to apoptosis. Because suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS) controls the IL-6/STAT-3(More)
 One approach to replace lost dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson’s disease is to transplant fetal mesencephalic tissue into the striatum. In an attempt to expand the developmental window useful for grafting of mesencephalic tissue and increase the fiber outgrowth from grafted dopaminergic neurons, we have pretreated fetal mesencephalic tissue with the(More)
Knowledge Base Population (KBP) is an evaluation track of the Text Analysis Conference (TAC), a workshop series organized by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In 2013, the KBP evaluations included five tasks targeting information extraction and question answering technologies: Entity Linking, Slot Filling, Temporal Slot Filling,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Saturated free fatty acids induce hepatocyte lipoapoptosis. This lipotoxicity involves an endoplasmic reticulum stress response, activation of JNK, and altered expression and function of Bcl-2 proteins. The mono-unsaturated free fatty acid palmitoleate is an adipose-derived lipokine which suppresses free fatty acid-mediated lipotoxicity by(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptosis is a key feature of hepatocyte cytotoxicity by saturated free fatty acids (FFA). This lipoapoptosis is dependent, in part, on the transcriptional upregulation of the BH3-only protein PUMA (p53 upregulated modulator of apoptosis). Although the activator protein (AP)-1 complex facilitates PUMA expression by(More)
c-myc promoter binding protein (MBP-1) is a multi-functional protein known to regulate expression of targets involved in the malignant phenotype. We have previously demonstrated that exogenous expression of MBP-1 inhibits prostate tumor growth, although the mechanism of growth inhibition is not well understood. We hypothesized that MBP-1 may modulate(More)
Mcl-1 is an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family member that is highly regulated and when dysregulated contributes to cancer. The Mcl-1 protein is phosphorylated at multiple sites in response to different signaling events. Phosphorylations at Thr163 (by ERK) and Ser159 (by glycogen-synthase kinase 3beta) have recently been shown to slow and enhance, respectively,(More)