Justin Miyamoto

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We examined the hypothesis that the introduction of an inflammatory agent would augment status epilepticus (SE)-induced neuronal injury in the developing rat brain in the absence of an increase in body temperature. Postnatal day 7 (P7) and P14 rat pups were injected with an exogenous provocative agent of inflammation, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), 2 h prior to(More)
BACKGROUND We previously showed that in the absence of a formal emergency system, lay people face a heavy burden of injuries in Kampala, Uganda, and we demonstrated the feasibility of a basic prehospital trauma course for lay people. This study tests the effectiveness of this course and estimates the costs and cost-effectiveness of scaling up this training.(More)
BACKGROUND The burden of global injury-related deaths predominantly affects developing countries, which have little infrastructure to evaluate these disparities. We describe injury-related mortality patterns in Kampala, Uganda and compare them with data from the United States and San Francisco (SF), California. METHODS We created a database in Kampala of(More)
The effect of the membrane potential on the efflux of HVA and DOPAC from DA neurons was studied in anesthetized (1% halothane in gas mixture of 70% N2O and 30% O2) cats. Extracellular DA, HVA and DOPAC were measured continuously from the putamen, the hypothalamus, the thalamus, the raphe nuclei and the cortex using brain microdialysis technique combined(More)
The effect of the membrane potential on the efflux of 5-HIAA from 5-HT neurons was studied in anesthetized (halothane: 1% in gas mixture of N2O: 70% and O2: 30%) cats. The endogenous 5-HT and its metabolite 5-HIAA were measured continuously from the cortex, the thalamus, the hypothalamus and the raphe nuclei using brain microdialysis technique combined with(More)
The effects of N-methylmaleimide (N-MtM), a vacuolar H(+)-ATPase inhibitor, were evaluated in the putamen of the cat to study the in vivo transport mechanisms of dopamine (DA), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and their metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindolacetic acid (5-HIAA), using the brain focal(More)
1. Sodium current (INa) blockade by TYB-3823, a newly synthesized antiarrhythmic agent, was investigated in isolated single ventricular myocytes by use of the whole cell patch-clamp technique. 2. TYB-3823 blocked INa under steady-state conditions (Kd,rest = 500 microM, Kd,i = 4.9 microM), findings consistent with a shift in the steady state INa availability(More)
We studied the effects of the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist urapidil on the sino-atrial node pacemaker activity of the rabbit. Urapidil (above 10 microM) decreased the spontaneous firing frequency and the maximum rate of rise of the action potential, and prolonged the action potential duration at half-amplitude. Above 100 microM, urapidil also reduced the(More)
Effect of 1-[3-isobutoxy-2-(benzylphenyl) amino]propyl pyrrolidine hydrochloride (bepridil), a new antianginal agent, on membrane potentials and membrane currents of sinoatrial node cells of rabbits was examined using conventional microelectrode and double microelectrode voltage clamp methods. Bepridil at a concentration of 10 mumol/l caused an increase in(More)
The effects of aprindine (1 X 10(-7) to 4 X 10(-6) M) were examined on membrane potential and current of rabbit sinoatrial node by means of conventional microelectrode and double microelectrode voltage clamp methods. Aprindine decreased, in a dose-dependent manner, the spontaneously firing frequency, the maximum rate of depolarization and the action(More)