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Studies examining thought processes have focused upon the deliberate, goal-directed mental processes occurring during complex cognitive tasks. Spontaneously occurring thought processes have, on the other hand, received much less attention. Such spontaneous thought processes occur frequently when no task is present or when task demands are low. Although(More)
The anterior or rostrolateral prefrontal cortex (RLPFC) is frequently recruited during complex cognitive tasks across a wide range of domains, including reasoning, long-term memory retrieval, and working memory. The authors report an event-related functional MRI study, indicating that the RLPFC is specifically involved in the evaluation of internally(More)
PURPOSE To explore associations of whole-lesion histogram diffusion metrics with pathologic findings and subsequent metastatic disease in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy. METHODS Twenty-three bladder cancer patients (21M, 2F; mean 70 ± 11 years) underwent MRI before cystectomy. A volume-of-interest was placed on all slices on the ADC(More)
PURPOSE To demonstrate dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the prostate with both high spatial and temporal resolution via a combination of golden-angle radial k-space sampling, compressed sensing, and parallel-imaging reconstruction (GRASP), and to compare image quality and lesion depiction between GRASP and conventional DCE(More)
Utilization of abdominopelvic MR imaging continues to increase in volume and gain widespread clinical acceptance. Many factors such as diaphragmatic respiratory motion, bulk patient motion, and the need for large volumetric coverage while maintaining clinically feasible scan times have proven challenging for body applications of MRI. However, many advances(More)
BACKGROUND Restricted diffusion on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) sequences during magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) has been shown in segments of bowel affected by Crohn disease. However, the exact meaning of this finding, particularly within the pediatric Crohn disease population, is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to estimate perfusion metrics in healthy and cirrhotic liver with pharmacokinetic modeling of high-temporal resolution reconstruction of continuously acquired free-breathing gadolinium-ethoxybenzyl-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-enhanced acquisition in patients undergoing clinically indicated liver magnetic(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to demonstrate feasibility of free-breathing radial acquisition with respiratory motion-resolved compressed sensing reconstruction [extra-dimensional golden-angle radial sparse parallel imaging (XD-GRASP)] for multiphase dynamic gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced liver imaging, and(More)
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to perform an intraindividual comparison between 1.5 T and 3 T chemical-shift MRI in differentiating adrenal adenomas and nonadenomas, including comparison of quantitative thresholds. MATERIALS AND METHODS. In this retrospective study, 37 adrenal lesions in 36 patients (20 men and 16 women; mean [± SD] age, 66.7 ±(More)
PURPOSE To perform image quality comparison between accelerated multiband diffusion acquisition (mb2-DWI) and conventional diffusion acquisition (c-DWI) in patients undergoing clinically indicated liver MRI. METHODS In this prospective study 22 consecutive patients undergoing clinically indicated liver MRI on a 3-T scanner equipped to perform multiband(More)