Justin L Martin

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Smooth muscle cells are exposed to growth factors and cytokines that contribute to pathological states including airway hyperresponsiveness, atherosclerosis, angiogenesis, smooth muscle hypertrophy, and hyperplasia. A common feature of several of these conditions is migration of smooth muscle beyond the initial boundary of the organ. Signal transduction(More)
Peripheral nerve injury in neonatal rats results in the death of the majority of the axotomized sensory neurons by 7 d after injury. In adult animals, however, all sensory neurons survive for at least 4 months after axotomy. How sensory neurons acquire the capacity to survive axonal injury is not known. Here we describe how the expression of the small heat(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of the inducible hsp70 protects against ischemic cardiac damage. However, it is unclear whether the small heat shock proteins hsp27 and alphaB-crystallin protect against ischemic injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Our aim was to examine whether the overexpression of hsp27 and alphaB-crystallin in neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes(More)
The protective effects of heat shock proteins (HSPs) during myocardial ischemia are now well documented, but little is known about the mechanisms of protection and the specificity of different HSPs. Because cytoskeletal injury plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of irreversible ischemic damage, we tested whether overexpression of specific HSPs protects(More)
It ought to be possible to recruit normal cellular defenses to mitigate ischemia/reperfusion damage and to reduce toxicity of chemotherapeutic drugs. Stress-preconditioned cells acquire a tolerant state characterized by increased resistance to such insults. This state is widely believed to be mediated, partially, by heat shock proteins (Hsps). Indirect(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) epsilon and PKCdelta translocation in neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) is accompanied by subsequent activation of the ERK, JNK, and p38(MAPK) cascades; however, it is not known if either or both novel PKCs are necessary for their downstream activation. Use of PKC inhibitors to answer this question is complicated by a lack of(More)
The maximal exercise capacity of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) is frequently reduced, partly because of inadequate skeletal muscle nutritive flow. To investigate whether this altered muscle nutritive flow is a result of inability of the heart to increase cardiac output normally during exercise, the effect of dobutamine on systemic and leg(More)
The maximal exercise capacity of patients with chronic heart failure is frequently reduced. To investigate whether this exercise intolerance is caused by inadequate nutritive flow to skeletal muscle, we compared cardiac outputs, leg blood flow, and leg metabolism during maximal bicycle exercise in seven patients with normal maximal oxygen uptake (VO2)(More)
Cardiotonic agents may prove useful in the long-term treatment of chronic heart failure provided myocardial efficiency is enhanced and clinical status is improved. Accordingly, the short-term hemodynamic and clinical response to the phosphodiesterase inhibitor, MDL 17043, was evaluated. Intravenous increments of 0.05 mg/kg (maximal total 3 mg/kg) were given(More)
We investigated whether enhanced expression of alphaB crystallin, a stress-inducible molecular chaperone of the small heat shock family, can protect myocardial contractile apparatus against ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Transgenic mice overexpressing alphaB crystallin were generated using the 0.76 kb rat alphaB crystallin cDNA cloned into a pCAGGS(More)