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The regular array of distally pointing hairs on the mature Drosophila wing is evidence for the fine control of Planar Cell Polarity (PCP) during wing development. Normal wing PCP requires both the Frizzled (Fz) PCP pathway and the Fat/Dachsous (Ft/Ds) pathway, although the functional relationship between these pathways remains under debate. There is strong(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases function in signal transduction pathways that are involved in controlling key cellular processes in many organisms. A mammalian member of this kinase family, MKK4/JNKK1/SEK1, has been reported to link upstream MEKK1 to downstream stress-activated protein kinase/JNK1 and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase. This(More)
The substrate specificities of L-alpha-hydroxy acid dehydrogenases, including L-lactate dehydrogenases (L-LDH's), can often be quite broad. However, an LDH with high catalytic activity toward alpha-keto acids with positively charged side chains, such as those containing ammonium groups, has not been described, even though there is evidence from metabolic(More)
The Drosophila wing is a primary model system for studying the genetic control of epithelial Planar Cell Polarity (PCP). Each wing epithelial cell produces a distally pointing hair under the control of the Frizzled (Fz) PCP signaling pathway. Here, we show that Fz PCP signaling also controls the formation and orientation of ridges on the adult wing(More)
BACKGROUND Receptor down-regulation by the multivesicular body (MVB) pathway is critical for many cellular signaling events. MVB generation is mediated by the highly conserved ESCRT (0, I, II, and III) protein complexes. Chmp1 is an ESCRT-III component and a putative tumor suppressor in humans. However, published data on Chmp1 activity are conflicting and(More)
The polarity of hairs on the adult Drosophila wing provides information about the planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling events that occur during pupal wing development. We have recently shown that PCP signaling also determines the orientation of cuticle ridges that traverse the surface of the adult wing membrane; a feature we call the wing membrane(More)
The Drosophila wing consists of a transparent wing membrane supported by a network of wing veins. Previously, we have shown that the wing membrane cuticle is not flat but is organized into ridges that are the equivalent of one wing epithelial cell in width and multiple cells in length. These cuticle ridges have an anteroposterior orientation in the anterior(More)
Bacillus stearothermophilus lactate dehydrogenase, one of the most thermostable bacterial enzymes known, has had its three-dimensional structure solved, the gene coding for it has been cloned, and the protein can be readily overexpressed. Two mutants of the enzyme have been prepared. In one, Arg171 was changed to Trp (R171W) and Gln102 was changed to Arg(More)
A Listeria monocytogenes-specific, acridinium-ester-labelled DNA probe was evaluated in a chemiluminescent homogeneous protection assay (HPA) for the rapid confirmation of suspect L. monocytogenes colonies from blood agar plates. The HPA uses an acridinium-ester-labelled chemiluminescent DNA probe in a free-solution hybridization format. After the DNA probe(More)
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