Justin Hean

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Chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus (HBV) occurs in approximately 6% of the world's population and carriers of the virus are at risk for complicating hepatocellular carcinoma. Current treatment options have limited efficacy and chronic HBV infection is likely to remain a significant global medical problem for many years to come. Silencing HBV gene(More)
Exosomes are nanovesicles released by virtually all cells, which act as intercellular messengers by transfer of protein, lipid, and RNA cargo. Their quantitative efficiency, routes of cell uptake, and subcellular fate within recipient cells remain elusive. We quantitatively characterize exosome cell uptake, which saturates with dose and time and reaches(More)
Chronic HBV infection remains an important public health problem and currently licensed therapies rarely prevent complications of viral persistence. Silencing HBV gene expression using gene therapy, particularly with exogenous activators of RNAi, holds promise for developing an HBV gene therapy. However, immune stimulation, off-targeting effects and(More)
Synthetic RNAi activators have shown considerable potential for therapeutic application to silencing of pathology-causing genes. Typically these exogenous RNAi activators comprise duplex RNA of approximately 21 bp with 2 nt overhangs at the 3' ends. To improve efficacy of siRNAs, chemical modification at the 2'-OH group of ribose has been employed. Enhanced(More)
To advance the use of cationic lipids for non-viral nucleic acid vector formulation, a panel of novel nitrogen heterocycle cholesteryl derivatives containing a biodegradable carbamate linker was synthesised. Optimally acting piperazine and cyclen compounds had nucleic acid-binding and lipoplex nanoparticle formation properties that were suitable for their(More)
Despite progress in mechanistic understanding of the RNA interference (RNAi) pathways, the subcellular sites of RNA silencing remain under debate. Here we show that loading of lipid-transfected siRNAs and endogenous microRNAs (miRNA) into RISC (RNA-induced silencing complexes), encounter of the target mRNA, and Ago2-mediated mRNA slicing in mammalian cells(More)
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