Justin E. Molloy

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G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest family of transmembrane signaling proteins in the human genome. Events in the GPCR signaling cascade have been well characterized, but the receptor composition and its membrane distribution are still generally unknown. Although there is evidence that some members of the GPCR superfamily exist as(More)
Class V myosins are actin-based molecular motors involved in vesicular and organellar transport. Single myosin V molecules move processively along F-actin, taking several 36-nm steps for each diffusional encounter. Here we have measured the mechanical interactions between mouse brain myosin V and rabbit skeletal F-actin. The working stroke produced by a(More)
Muscle contraction is driven by the cyclical interaction of myosin with actin, coupled to the breakdown of ATP. Studies of the interaction of filamentous myosin and of a double-headed proteolytic fragment, heavy meromyosin (HMM), with actin have demonstrated discrete mechanical events, arising from stochastic interaction of single myosin molecules with(More)
Muscle contraction is driven by the cyclical interaction of myosin with actin, coupled with ATP hydrolysis. Myosin attaches to actin, forming a crossbridge that produces force and movement as it tilts or rocks into subsequent bound states before finally detaching. It has been hypothesized that the kinetics of one or more of these mechanical transitions are(More)
Muscle contraction is brought about by the cyclical interaction of myosin with actin coupled to the breakdown of ATP. The current view of the mechanism is that the bound actomyosin complex (or "cross-bridge") produces force and movement by a change in conformation. This process is known as the "working stroke." We have measured the stiffness and working(More)
A prerequisite for using muscle mutants to study contraction inDrosophila melanogaster is a description of the mechanics of wild-type muscles. Here we describe the mechanics of two different wild-type muscles; the dorsal longitudinal flight muscle which is asynchronous (nerve impulses are not synchronised with each contraction), and a leg muscle, the tergal(More)
Recent developments in light microscopy enable individual fluorophores to be observed in aqueous conditions. Biological molecules, labeled with a single fluorophore, can be localized as isolated spots of light when viewed by optical microscopy. Total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy greatly reduces background fluorescence and allows single(More)
Single-molecule mechanical interactions between rabbit heavy meromyosin (HMM) or subfragment 1 (S1) and rabbit actin were measured with an optical tweezers piconewton, nanometer transducer. Similar intermittent interactions were observed with HMM and S1. The mean magnitude of the single interaction isotonic displacements was 20 nm for HMM and 15 nm with S1.(More)
Many types of cellular motility, including muscle contraction, are driven by the cyclical interaction of the motor protein myosin with actin filaments, coupled to the breakdown of ATP. It is thought that myosin binds to actin and then produces force and movement as it 'tilts' or 'rocks' into one or more subsequent, stable conformations. Here we use an(More)