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Characteristic changes involving interactions between dopamine and glutamate in striatal medium spiny neurons now appear to contribute to symptom production in Parkinson's disease (PD). The balance between kinase and phosphatase signaling modifies the phosphorylation state of glutamate receptors and thus their synaptic strength. Sensitization of(More)
BACKGROUND Serotoninergic transmission in the basal ganglia is known to influence dopaminergic mechanisms and motor function. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possibility that serotoninergic 5-HT1A autoreceptors (by regulating the release of serotonin as well as dopamine formed from exogenous levodopa) affect the response alterations complicating levodopa(More)
Sensitization of striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) has been linked to events leading to the motor response changes associated with the administration of dopaminomimetics to parkinsonian animals and patients. To determine whether tyrosine phosphorylation of NMDAR subunits contributes to the apparent long-term enhancement in synaptic efficacy of(More)
Sensitization of striatal N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has been implicated in the pathogenesis of the response alterations associated with dopaminomimetic treatment of parkinsonian animals and patients. To determine whether serine phosphorylation of NMDA receptor subunits by activation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein-kinase II (CaMKII)(More)
Chronically administered levodopa to Parkinson's disease (PD) patients ultimately produces alterations in motor response. Similarly, in 6-hydroxydopamine lesioned hemi-parkinsonian rats, chronic twice-daily administration of levodopa progressively shortens the duration of contralateral turning, an index of, the wearing-off fluctuations that occur in(More)
Both excitotoxicity and altered trophic factor support have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. To determine whether stimulation of p75, the low-affinity receptor for nerve growth factor, contributes to the excitotoxin-induced apoptotic death of cholinergic neurons, we examined the effect of unilateral kainic acid (KA; PBS vehicle,(More)
The contribution of striatal protein kinase C (PKC) isoform changes in levodopa (L-DOPA) induced motor response complications in parkinsonian rats was investigated and the ability of tamoxifen, an antiestrogen with a partial PKC antagonist property, to prevent these response alterations in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesioned rats as well as in(More)
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) regulates high-density lipoprotein metabolism. The gene encoding PLTP is located on bovine chromosome 13. The objective of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae) PLTP gene to detect novel mutations affecting economically important traits. Five SNPs were(More)
Recent studies suggest that motor dysfunction associated with the chronic nonphysiologic stimulation of dopaminergic receptors on striatal spiny neurons alters the sensitivity of nearby glutamatergic receptors, especially those of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype. Lesioning the nigrostriatal dopamine system of rats or nonhuman primates induces(More)