Justin D. Oh

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BACKGROUND Serotoninergic transmission in the basal ganglia is known to influence dopaminergic mechanisms and motor function. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possibility that serotoninergic 5-HT1A autoreceptors (by regulating the release of serotonin as well as dopamine formed from exogenous levodopa) affect the response alterations complicating levodopa(More)
Sensitization of striatal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) has been linked to events leading to the motor response changes associated with the administration of dopaminomimetics to parkinsonian animals and patients. To determine whether tyrosine phosphorylation of NMDAR subunits contributes to the apparent long-term enhancement in synaptic efficacy of(More)
Characteristic changes involving interactions between dopamine and glutamate in striatal medium spiny neurons now appear to contribute to symptom production in Parkinson's disease (PD). The balance between kinase and phosphatase signaling modifies the phosphorylation state of glutamate receptors and thus their synaptic strength. Sensitization of(More)
Recent studies suggest that motor dysfunction associated with the chronic nonphysiologic stimulation of dopaminergic receptors on striatal spiny neurons alters the sensitivity of nearby glutamatergic receptors, especially those of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) subtype. Lesioning the nigrostriatal dopamine system of rats or nonhuman primates induces(More)
AMPA and NMDA receptors, abundantly expressed on striatal medium spiny neurons, have been implicated in the regulation of corticostriatal synaptic efficacy. To evaluate the contribution of both glutamate receptor types to the pathogenesis of motor response alterations associated with dopaminergic treatment, we studied the ability of the selective AMPA(More)
Adenosine A(2A) receptors, abundantly expressed on striatal medium spiny neurons, appear to activate signaling cascades implicated in the regulation of coexpressed ionotropic glutamatergic receptors. To evaluate the contribution of adenosinergic mechanisms to the pathogenesis of the response alterations induced by dopaminergic treatment, we studied the(More)
Sensitization of NMDA receptors containing the NR2B subunit has been increasingly associated with various forms of synaptic plasticity, including those implicated in the pathogenesis of extrapyramidal motor dysfunction. To determine whether activation of NR2B containing receptors contributes to the development and maintenance of levodopa-induced response(More)
Digoxigenin-labeled riboprobes and in situ hybridization of choline-O-acetyltransferase mRNA, both alone and in combination with immunohistochemical procedures for the synthetic enzyme of acetylcholine, were used to map the topography of putative cholinergic neurons in the rat central nervous system. Only the anti-sense riboprobe yielded specific labeling,(More)
The nonphysiologic stimulation of striatal dopaminergic receptors, as a result of disease- or drug-related denervation or intermittent excitation, triggers adaptive responses in the basal ganglia which contribute to the appearance of parkinsonian symptoms and later to the dyskinesias and other alterations in motor response associated with dopaminergic(More)