Justin Bradley

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Flavonoids, in particular the anthocyanins,are responsible for flower colour in manyspecies. The dihydroflavonols represent abranch point in flavonoid biosynthesis,being the intermediates for production ofboth the coloured anthocyanins, through theaction of the enzyme dihydroflavonol4-reductase (DFR), and the colourlessflavonols, produced by flavonol(More)
Transformed plants from three cultivars of Eustoma grandiflorum (lisianthus) were produced by cocultivating young leaf pieces with Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain A722 containing the binary vectors pKIWI110 and pLN26. Both vectors contain the selectable marker gene for neomycin phosphotransferase II. pKIWI110 also contains the reporter gene for(More)
Some bacterial species are able to utilize extracellular mineral forms of iron and manganese as respiratory electron acceptors. In Shewanella oneidensis this involves decaheme cytochromes that are located on the bacterial cell surface at the termini of trans-outer-membrane electron transfer conduits. The cell surface cytochromes can potentially play(More)
The Tat system is used to transport folded proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane in bacteria and archaea and across the thylakoid membrane of plant chloroplasts. Multimers of the integral membrane TatA protein are thought to form the protein-conducting element of the Tat pathway. Nitroxide radicals were introduced at selected positions within the(More)
Ferritins, complex protein nanocages, form internal iron-oxy minerals (Fe2O3·H2O), by moving cytoplasmic Fe2+ through intracage ion channels to cage-embedded enzyme (2Fe2+/O2 oxidoreductase) sites where ferritin biomineralization is initiated. The products of ferritin enzyme activity are diferric oxy complexes that are mineral precursors. Conserved,(More)
Three cultivars of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum (Grise.)) were transformed with a homologous antisense CHS cDNA via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Over 50% of the transgenics derived from the purple flowering lines exhibited an altered flower colour pattern ranging from small streaks of white on the wild-type purple background through to(More)
Significant progress has been made in recent years toward understanding the processes by which an iron mineral is deposited within members of the ferritin family of 24mer iron storage proteins, enabled by high-resolution structures together with spectroscopic and kinetic studies. These suggest common characteristics that are shared between ferritins,(More)
Petunia line Mitchell [MP, Petunia axillaris × (P. axillaris × P. hybrida)] and Eustoma grandiflorum (lisianthus) plants were produced containing a transgene for over-expression of the R2R3-MYB transcription factor [TF; ROSEA1 (ROS1)] that up-regulates flavonoid biosynthesis in Antirrhinum majus. The petunia lines were also crossed with previously produced(More)
The Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain 11Y XplA enzyme is an unusual cytochrome P450-flavodoxin fusion enzyme that catalyzes reductive denitration of the explosive hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazene (RDX). We show by light scattering that XplA is a monomeric enzyme. XplA has high affinity for imidazole (K(d) = 1.6 μM), explaining previous reports of a(More)
Oxidation of cardiolipin (CL) by its complex with cytochrome c (cyt c) plays a crucial role in triggering apoptosis. Through a combination of magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy and potentiometric titrations, we show that both the ferric and ferrous forms of the heme group of a CL:cyt c complex exist as multiple conformers at a physiologically relevant(More)