Justin B Solomon

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PURPOSE To assess the effect of radiation dose reduction on low-contrast detectability by using an advanced modeled iterative reconstruction (ADMIRE; Siemens Healthcare, Forchheim, Germany) algorithm in a contrast-detail phantom with a third-generation dual-source multidetector computed tomography (CT) scanner. MATERIALS AND METHODS A proprietary phantom(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to assess the inherent image quality characteristics of a new multidetector computed tomography system in terms of noise, resolution, and detectability index as a function of image acquisition and reconstruction for a range of clinically relevant settings. METHODS A multisized image quality phantom (37, 30, 23, 18.5,(More)
PURPOSE To determine if radiation dose and reconstruction algorithm affect the computer-based extraction and analysis of quantitative imaging features in lung nodules, liver lesions, and renal stones at multi-detector row computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of data from a prospective, multicenter, HIPAA-compliant,(More)
OBJECTIVE Modern CT systems use surrogates of noise-noise index (NI) and quality reference effective tube current-time product (Q)-to infer the quality of images acquired using tube current modulation. This study aimed to determine the relationship between actual noise and these surrogates for two CT scanners from two different manufacturers. MATERIALS(More)
This study's purpose was to develop and validate a method to estimate patient-specific detectability indices directly from patients' CT images (i.e., in vivo). The method extracts noise power spectrum (NPS) and modulation transfer function (MTF) resolution properties from each patient's CT series based on previously validated techniques. These are combined(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare computed tomography (CT) low-contrast detectability from human readers with observer model-based surrogates of image quality. A phantom with a range of low-contrast signals (five contrasts, three sizes) was imaged on a state-of-the-art CT scanner (Siemens' force). Images were reconstructed using filtered back(More)
Virtual nodule insertion paves the way towards the development of standardized databases of hybrid CT images with known lesions. The purpose of this study was to assess three methods (an established and two newly developed techniques) for inserting virtual lung nodules into CT images. Assessment was done by comparing virtual nodule volume and shape to the(More)
PURPOSE Dual-energy computed tomography virtual monoenergetic imaging (VMI) at 40 keV exhibits superior contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), although practicing radiologists do not consistently prefer it over VMI at 70 keV due to high perceivable noise. We hypothesize that the presentation of 40 keV VMI may be compromised using window settings (i.e.,(More)
Realistic three-dimensional (3D) mathematical models of subtle lesions are essential for many computed tomography (CT) studies focused on performance evaluation and optimization. In this paper, we develop a generic mathematical framework that describes the 3D size, shape, contrast, and contrast-profile characteristics of a lesion, as well as a method to(More)
PURPOSE Iterative reconstruction (IR) offers notable advantages in computed tomography (CT). However, its performance characterization is complicated by its potentially nonlinear behavior, impacting performance in terms of specific tasks. This study aimed to evaluate the performance of IR with both task-specific and task-generic strategies. METHODS The(More)