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GridMAT-MD is a new program developed to aid in the analysis of lipid bilayers from molecular dynamics simulations. It reads a GROMACS coordinate file and generates two types of data: a two-dimensional contour plot depicting membrane thickness, and a polygon-based tessellation of the individual lipid headgroups. GridMAT-MD can also account for proteins or(More)
The pathogenic aggregation of the amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) is considered a hallmark of the progression of Alzheimer's disease, the leading cause of senile dementia in the elderly and one of the principal causes of death in the United States. In the absence of effective therapeutics, the incidence and economic burden associated with the disease are expected to(More)
The etiology of Alzheimer's disease is considered to be linked to interactions between amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) and neural cell membranes. Membrane disruption and increased ion conductance have been observed in vitro in the presence of Abeta, and it is assumed that these same phenomena occur in the brain of an individual afflicted with Alzheimer's. The(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations are being applied to increasingly complex systems, including those involving small endogenous compounds and drug molecules. In order to obtain meaningful and accurate data from these simulations, high-quality topologies for small molecules must be generated in a manner that is consistent with the derivation of the force field(More)
Proper treatment of nonbonded interactions is essential for the accuracy of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, especially in studies of lipid bilayers. The use of the CHARMM36 force field (C36 FF) in different MD simulation programs can result in disagreements with published simulations performed with CHARMM due to differences in the protocols used to(More)
Because the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) functions as approximately half of the transmembrane domain of the amyloid precursor protein and interaction of Abeta with membranes is proposed to result in neurotoxicity, the association of Abeta with membranes likely is important in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease. Atomic details of the interaction of Abeta(More)
Peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a nuclear hormone receptor that forms a heterodimeric complex with retinoid X receptor-α (RXRα) to regulate transcription of genes involved in fatty acid storage and glucose metabolism. PPARγ is a target for pharmaceutical intervention in type 2 diabetes, and insight into interactions between PPARγ,(More)
Explicit treatment of electronic polarization in empirical force fields used for molecular dynamics simulations represents an important advancement in simulation methodology. A straightforward means of treating electronic polarization in these simulations is the inclusion of Drude oscillators, which are auxiliary, charge-carrying particles bonded to the(More)
The conformational dynamics of a macromolecule can be modulated by a number of factors, including changes in environment, ligand binding, and interactions with other macromolecules, among others. We present a method that quantifies the differences in macromolecular conformational dynamics and automatically extracts the structural features responsible for(More)
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