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BACKGROUND Viable cancer cells may implant at distant sites and cause tumor recurrence. One possible mechanism is the inadvertent exfoliation of viable tumor cells during dissection. The ultrasonically activated scalpel (UAS) uses ultrasonic energy to disrupt tissues by cavitation and produces a dense cloud of cellular debris that may contain viable cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged and complex laparoscopic procedures expose patients to large volumes of cool insufflation gas. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of a conventional room temperature carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum with those of a body temperature pneumoperitoneum. METHODS Patients were randomized to undergo laparoscopic(More)
Although patients with cerebral cavernous malformations may remain asymptomatic, they often present with neurological symptoms of headache, hemorrhage and, most commonly, seizure. A review of articles published between 1985 and 2009 was performed to elucidate the prognostic factors which may predict post-operative seizure control. The following(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECT.: In terms of measuring quality of care and hospital performance, an outcome of increasing interest is the 30-day readmission rate. Recent health care policy making has highlighted the necessity of understanding the factors that influence readmission. To elucidate the rate, reason, and predictors of readmissions at a tertiary/quaternary(More)
Medulloblastomas (MB) are highly aggressive primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET) usually located in the posterior fossa. Current treatment for MBs, which includes a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation, remain challenging especially in younger patients. However, advances in the understanding of regulatory pathways in cerebellar development(More)
Previous studies have shown that infusions of propofol, a new intravenous anesthetic, were associated with decreased arterial pressure and slow heart rates. To evaluate the role of baroreflex mechanisms in sustaining these conditions, the effects of two infusion rates of propofol (54 and 108 micrograms.kg-1.min-1) to supplement 66% nitrous oxide in oxygen(More)
The accuracy of the Dinamap 845 automatic blood pressure recorder was assessed by comparing its own indirect determinations of blood pressure with direct intra-arterial recordings. It was found that in the majority of cases it was capable of producing reliable trend information during anaesthesia. The instrument may not be able to interpret pressure signals(More)
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating cause of morbidity and mortality. Intraparenchymal hematomas are often surgically evacuated. This generates fragments of perihematoma brain tissue that may elucidate their etiology. The goal of this study is to analyze the value of these specimens in providing a possible etiology for spontaneous(More)
BACKGROUND Phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) has previously been used for the quantification of CSF and blood flow throughout the body. We propose a new method of semi-automated segmentation for the prepontine cistern based on anatomical and pulsatility information. METHODS Scans were conducted on 48 patients (69.83 ± 14.28 years) ranging in age from 32 to 88(More)
OBJECT Surgical evacuation of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) remains a subject of controversy. Minimally invasive techniques for hematoma evacuation have shown a trend toward improved outcomes. The aim of the present study is to describe a minimally invasive alternative for the evacuation of sICH and evaluate its feasibility. METHODS The(More)