Jussi Tallus

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Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may cause diffuse damage to the brain, especially to the frontal areas, that may lead to persistent symptoms. We studied participants with past mTBI by means of navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) combined with electroencephalography (EEG). Eleven symptomatic and 8 recovered participants with a history of(More)
BACKGROUND Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) are promising biomarkers of traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE We investigated the relation of the GFAP and UCH-L1 levels to the severity of TBI during the first week after injury. METHODS Plasma UCH-L1 and GFAP were measured from 324 consecutive(More)
The right-ear advantage (REA) is typically observed in verbal dichotic listening, indicating a left hemisphere superiority for speech processing. The REA could be thought of as a bottom-up, stimulus-driven laterality effect, caused by the preponderance of the contralateral neural fibers from the right ear to the auditory/speech processing areas in the left(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially in children and young adults. TBI is an example of a medical condition where there are still major lacks in diagnostics and outcome prediction. Here we apply comprehensive metabolic profiling of serum samples from TBI patients and controls in two independent cohorts.(More)
OBJECTIVES Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is very common, and part of the patients experience persistent symptoms. These may be caused by diffuse neuronal damage and could therefore affect cortical excitability. The motor threshold (MT), measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), is a measure of cortical excitability and cortico-spinal tract(More)
We studied the effects of training on auditory attention in healthy adults with a speech perception task involving dichotically presented syllables. Training involved bottom-up manipulation (facilitating responses from the harder-to-report left ear through a decrease of right-ear stimulus intensity), top-down manipulation (focusing attention on the left-ear(More)
OBJECTIVE Biomarkers ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) may help detect brain injury, assess its severity, and improve outcome prediction. This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of these biomarkers during the first days after brain injury. METHODS Serum UCH-L1 and GFAP were measured in 324(More)
Studies have suggested that supramodal attentional resources are biased rightward due to asymmetric spatial fields of the two hemispheres. This bias has been observed especially in right-handed subjects. We presented left and right-handed subjects with brief uniform grey visual stimuli in either the left or right visual hemifield. Consistent with the(More)
We sought to investigate white matter abnormalities in mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI). We applied a global approach based on tract-based spatial statistics skeleton as well as constrained spherical deconvolution tractography. DW-MRI was performed on 102 patients with mTBI within two months(More)
Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) have been studied as potential biomarkers of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We report the levels of GFAP and UCH-L1 in patients with acute orthopedic injuries without central nervous system involvement, and relate them to the type of extracranial injury, head magnetic(More)