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The aim of this study was to determine the rate and risk factors of HIV-1 mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), the timing of transmission and the transmitted subtype in a population where subtypes B and C co-circulate. One hundred and forty-four babies born to HIV-1-infected mothers were studied. Subtype and timing of transmission were determined by a(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify a new circulating recombinant form (CRF) of HIV-1 comprising two circulating subtypes in the southern region in Brazil, subtypes B and C. METHODS A total of 152 HIV-positive patients followed at two hospitals in southern Brazil had their viral pol genes isolated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from plasma.(More)
BACKGROUND Although extensive HIV drug resistance information is available for the first 400 amino acids of its reverse transcriptase, the impact of antiretroviral treatment in C-terminal domains of Pol (thumb, connection and RNase H) is poorly understood. METHODS AND FINDINGS We wanted to characterize conserved regions in RT C-terminal domains among(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe the molecular and epidemiological profile of HIV-1 in patients followed at the University Hospital of Rio Grande, Brazil. DESIGN AND METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted from September to December 2002. Plasma viral RNA of 85 patients was extracted and protease and reverse transcriptase genes were polymerase chain(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype B predominates in Brazil, but in the southern region subtype C is the most frequent, followed by subtypes B, F1 and recombinant forms. In southern Brazil, these subtypes co-circulate in subjects with homogeneous demographic and clinical features, enabling a better understanding of the role of(More)
BACKGROUND Subtype C is the most prevalent HIV-1 subtype in the world, mainly in countries with the highest HIV prevalence. However, few studies have evaluated the impact of antiretroviral therapy on this subtype. In southern Brazil, the first developing country to offer free and universal treatment, subtypes B and C co-circulate with equal prevalence,(More)
Polymorphisms in genes that encode chemokines or their receptors can modulate susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and disease progression. The objective of this study was to assess the frequency of polymorphisms CCR5-Δ32, CCR2-64I, CCR5-59029A and SDF1-3'A and their role in the course of HIV infection in a Southern Brazilian(More)
Different human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes may have distinct biological, immunological and pathogenic properties. Efficiency of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) may be among those properties, but few and controversial results have been described so far. In this study, 102 children born from HIV-1-infected mothers between 1998 and 2004(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the impact of HIV-1 CRF31_BC in the southern Brazilian HIV epidemic. METHODS Blood plasma from 284 patients was collected from July 2002 to January 2003 at 2 reference HIV/AIDS centers in southern Brazil. Viral protease and reverse transcriptase (RT) genomic regions were amplified by RT polymerase chain reaction, sequenced, and(More)
Mutations in the connection subdomain (CN) and RNase H domain (RH) of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) from subtype B-infected patients enhance nucleoside and nonnucleoside RT inhibitor (NRTI and NNRTI) resistance by affecting the balance between polymerization and RNase H activity. To determine whether CN mutations in subtype C influence drug sensitivity,(More)