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The distribution of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) was estimated during sleep and wakefulness by using H215O positron emission tomography (PET) and statistical parametric mapping. A group analysis on 11 good sleepers (8 with steady slow wave sleep, SWS) showed a significant negative correlation between the occurrence of SWS and rCBF in dorsal pons and(More)
BACKGROUND Graph theory has been recently introduced to characterize complex brain networks, making it highly suitable to investigate altered connectivity in neurologic disorders. A current model proposes autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as a developmental disconnection syndrome, supported by converging evidence in both non-syndromic and syndromic ASD.(More)
Positron emission tomography with the oxygen-15 steady state or bolus inhalation technique was used to provide quantitative values of regional cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction ratio (OER) and oxygen consumption (CMRO2) in 25 patients with partial complex seizures during the interictal state and in 5 patients during status epilepticus. Glucose(More)
PURPOSE Currently, in continuous spikes and waves during sleep (CSWS) there is a lack of systematic assessments of the clinically relevant stages and the evolution of the electroencephalographic features. The aim of this study is to describe the evolution over time of clinical and electroencephalographic features in CSWS. METHODS We enrolled patients from(More)
   In planning for a potentially curative resection of the epileptogenic zone in patients with pediatric epilepsy, invasive monitoring with intracranial EEG is often used to localize the seizure onset zone and eloquent cortex. A precise understanding of the location of subdural strip and grid electrodes on the brain surface, and of depth electrodes in the(More)
BACKGROUND Clobazam has been used in clinical practice as an adjunctive treatment for diverse seizure types and epilepsy syndromes. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of clobazam in a large sample of patients with refractory epilepsy at a tertiary pediatric center. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed patients treated with clobazam between January 2001(More)
Electrical status epilepticus in sleep involves an electroencephalographic pattern where interictal epileptiform activity is potentiated in the transition from wakefulness to sleep. Near-continuous spikes and waves that occupy a significant proportion of nonrapid eye movement sleep appear as a result of sleep-potentiated epileptiform activity. This(More)
Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is sensitive to alterations in the diffusion of water molecules caused by microstructural barriers. Different microstructural compartments are characterized by differences in DWI signal. Diffusion tensor imaging conflates the signal from these compartments into a single tensor, which poorly represents multiple white matter(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic neurocutaneous syndrome in which cognitive and social-behavioral outcomes for patients vary widely in an unpredictable manner. The cause of adverse neurologic outcome remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that disordered white matter and abnormal neural(More)