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Non-invasive dynamical measurements of 3D scapular motion can be performed easily by attachment of a 6 DOF electromagnetic receiver onto the skin above the acromion. To quantify the introduction of possible errors due to skin displacement, we assessed 3D scapular positions on n=8 subjects by both tripod and skin-fixed method. Error analysis included the(More)
Rotator cuff tears disrupt the force balance in the shoulder and the glenohumeral joint in particular, resulting in compromised arm elevation torques. The trade-off between glenohumeral torque and glenohumeral stability is not yet understood. We hypothesize that compensation of lost abduction torque will lead to a superior redirection of the reaction force(More)
OBJECTIVE The development of a thorax-fixed regression model for the shoulder which statistically predicts the orientation of the clavicle and the scapula from the humerus orientation. BACKGROUND The application of three-dimensional position recording systems to the shoulder mechanism is limited to laboratory conditions. Studies in the field of ergonomics(More)
HYPOTHESIS The purpose of this study is to evaluate the muscle activity with surface electromyography (EMG) and the clinical outcome of the latissimus dorsi transfer. It remains unclear whether the clinical results of the latissimus dorsi transfer for massive posterosuperior rotator cuff tears are achieved either by active muscle contractions or by a(More)
Sudden stretch of active muscle typically results in two characteristic electromyographic responses: the short latency M1 and the long latency M2. The M1 response originates from the monosynaptic Ia afferent reflex pathway. The M2 response is less well understood and is likely a compound response to different afferent inputs mediated by spinal and(More)
To capture prey, chameleons ballistically project their tongues as far as 1.5 body lengths with accelerations of up to 500 m s(-2). At the core of a chameleon's tongue is a cylindrical tongue skeleton surrounded by the accelerator muscle. Previously, the cylindrical accelerator muscle was assumed to power tongue projection directly during the actual fast(More)
Background and Objective Favorable prognosis of the upper limb depends on preservation or return of voluntary finger extension (FE) early after stroke. The present study aimed to determine the effects of modified constraint-induced movement therapy (mCIMT) and electromyography-triggered neuromuscular stimulation (EMG-NMS) on upper limb capacity early(More)
A porous polyurethane prosthesis was used to replace the lateral meniscus in the dog. After an initial ingrowth of fibrous tissue, the prostheses became filled with tissue strongly resembling normal meniscal fibrocartilage. Although less severe than seen after total meniscectomy, cartilage degeneration was frequent, possibly because tissue ingrowth in the(More)
Meniscal lesions often occur in the avascular area of the meniscus with little chance of spontaneous repair. An access channel in the meniscal tissue can function as an entrance for ingrowing repair tissue from the vascular periphery of the meniscus to the lesion in the avascular zone which again induced healing of the lesion. Implantation of a porous(More)
Analysing rapid internal movement in animals requires high-speed X-ray imaging to visualise motion of bony and soft body structures. The frame rate of X-ray cinematic camera is limited to 200 frames s(-1) with a shutter speed of 1/3000s, due to the low X-ray kV, required for small animals. These rates are often too slow for analysing the rapid accelerations(More)